Investigating the Relationship between Personality Traits and Self-Control and ‎Nicotine Dependence Symptoms in Male Prisoners in Kerman, Iran

Document Type : Short Communication(s)


1 Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Zarand Branch, Kerman, Iran ‎

2 Faculty Member, Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, ‎Zarand Branch, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Educational Sciences, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payame ‎Noor University, Kerman, Iran

4 Senior Researcher, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, ‎Iran

5 Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran ‎


Background: Smoking is the most common and cheapest addictive substance and has physical, psychological, and social side effects. Personality traits and low self-control have been identified as key factors for substance and tobacco abuse. This study examined the relationship between personality traits and self-control, and symptoms of nicotine dependence in male prisoners. Methods: This was a descriptive correlational study. The research sample consisted of 384 male prisoners in Kerman, Iran. The participants were selected using simple random sampling method. The data collection tools consisted of the NEO five factor personality inventory (NEO-FFI), self-control Inventory, and the nicotine dependence symptoms inventory. Findings: The mean age of the prisoners was 35.33 ± 9.28 year. The results showed a significant negative relationship between self-control and nicotine dependence. The most important predictors of prisoners’ self-control were the personality traits of conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness, and temperamental neuroticism, respectively. The most important predictors of nicotine dependence in prisons were personality traits of adaptability, temperamental neuroticism, extroversion, and openness, respectively. Conclusion: Personality traits and self-control have an important role in nicotine dependence; therefore, by training self-control, behaviors such as smoking and consumption of drugs can be reduced.