Guide for Authors


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Author Guidelines

Manuscript preparation: Type the manuscript in MSWord (.doc or .docs) format using 1 inch margins all around and double line spacing. Tables and figures should be on separate papers. The manuscript should be accompanied by a covering letter.

Covering letter: It should be referred to the editor in chief and state that the manuscript has not been published previously or submitted simultaneously elsewhere.



Arrange the manuscript in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement and References.

Title page: It should contain a concise informative title for the article, authors’ details (full name, academic membership and affiliation), running title as well as mailing address, telephone/ fax numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding author.

Abstract: It should be organized in separate parts of background, methods, results, conclusion and three to five keywords selected from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). The abstract should not exceed 250 words (150 words for short communications). Avoid using abbreviations in the abstract.

- The abstract of case reports should contain a summary of the presented case and the reason for reporting the case.

- The abstract of review articles should contain a concise summary of the main points addressed in the article.


The editors will prepare a translation of the abstract into Persian and it will be published both in English and Persian.


Introduction: It should contain the background and objectives of the study. Avoid mentioning data or conclusions of the study in this part.

Methods: It should contain a detailed explanation of all the steps taken in the research except those that refer to standard techniques. All the drugs and chemicals used in the study should be identified precisely (generic name, dose and route of administration). For all used instruments give the manufacturer’s name and location (city / state / country). Mention any statistical method or computer program used in the study.

Results: This part presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations should contain only the results of the presented study and the results should be organized according to their order of importance. Refer to the table number instead of repeating the table contents in the text.

Discussion: Avoid repeating whatever has been said in the introduction or results sections. Relate and compare the findings with the results of other relevant studies. Emphasize the significant aspects of the study and the conclusions and mention the implications for further research.

Acknowledgement: Any type of technical, financial and material help that do not justify authorship should be mentioned as acknowledgment at the end of text.

Tables: They should be limited in numbers, simple, self-explanatory and organized according to the order they appear in the text. Assign each table a number and a brief title placed above. Any additional explanation should be given in the footnotes.

Figures: Figures must be numbered and cited in the text in numerical order. Place captions below.

Abbreviations and Symbols: While using only standard abbreviations, give the complete form of the abbreviation in its first use. Do not use abbreviations in the title and abstract.

References: They should be complied numerically according to the order of their appearance in the text and be written in Vancouver style.

All articles should have related references and authors should verify the accuracy of the used references in order to minimize errors in references. All references should be written in English and should be numbered inside parentheses in the article’s text and listed at the end of the article according to the order of mentioning and the time it entered in text as below:

Examples of references:

- Journal article: Yigit S, Korkmaz A, Sekerel B. Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome in a premature infant. Pediatr Dermatol 2005; 22(1): 71-4.

- Complete book: Sundel M, Sundel SS. Behavior change in the human services. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications; 2005. p. 16-8.

- Chapter in book: Pinter JD, Sarnat HB. Neuroembryology. In: Winn HR, Editor. Youmans Neurological Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2004. p. 5-45.

- Thesis & dissertations: Hofland HEJ. Vesicles as transdermal drug delivery systems. [Ph.D. thesis]. Leiden, The Netherlands: University of Leiden; 1992; p. 24-8.

- Papers presented in conferences: Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Reinhoff O, Editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th world congress on medical informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992. p. 1561-5.

- Electronic references: Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious disease. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1999 Dec 25]; 1(1): [24 screens]. Available from URL: http://www/cdc/gov/ncidoc/EID/eid.htm


Article Types

  • Original Article should be limited to 5,000 words. The paper should clearly describe the reason for undertaking the work, and present methods used and the results found in separate sections. Scientific interpretations based on the findings should be presented in a discussion section; a self-critical/examination of the findings is encouraged.
  • Review Article should be made in one of the following forms:

- Systematic review articles might be meta-analysis, meta-synthesis or nonstatistical analysis. These articles contain parts of original research articles.

- Non-systematic review articles should be written by experts who have at least one article on article’s subject area in the reference list. The components of such articles include Abstract, Introduction, Discussion and Conclusion and might have at least twenty references and contain maximum in 5000 words.

  • Short Communication might be a research articles, a systematic review article or an ongoing research (research project progress report) which is as reported interesting/important findings it contains. The components of such an article should be similar to original research articles; however, they are smaller and should be made maximum in 2000 words.
  • Letter to Editor should be in terms of criticizing the previous articles, criticizing or reviewing the literatures/books, analyzing a related subject to medical education, report and criticize medical education symposiums, elaboration and explanation of an idea and clarification of a complex subject; furthermore, it should be prepared in 1000 to 1500 words.
  • Editorial article is written by journal editor or one of the journal editorial board members or the order of such articles is provided by the editor-in-chief to experts. The content of such articles might be in-depth analysis of daily issues in medical education, challenging the systems or providing solutions in medical education and must be in a maximum of 2000 words with at least five references.


Conflicts of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it.



Ethical guidelines


 Ethical Issues is obligatory section in all types of articles. If there is no ethical issue to be considered, please declare it as “not applicable” or “None to be declared”. Every experimental or clinical study may raise controversial ethical issues (e.g., Institutional Ethical Approval for working with animal or human subjects). Thus,


Addiction and Health expects all authors, reviewers and editors to consider COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)ICMJE and Equator Network’s reporting guidelines in medical ethics plus scientific writing. If any, authors should state related declaration(s), unless otherwise the following sentence should be given “None to be declared”. 


Ethical considerations must be addressed in the main body.


1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project.


2) Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.


Please take a look at the following guidelines provided by COPE for editors and reviewers that may be helpful for authors, too:




Financial support


 In case of any financial support, it is important to mention the name of the respective organization/institute and the project number at the end




Addiction and Health is committed to publish the original studies and timely reviews that have neither been published nor is under review elsewhere.

 Addiction and Health is powered by DOI, plagScan software for plagiarism check. Taken all, all plagiarized materials will incur the “Plagiarism Sanctions”. Submitted manuscripts, which are found to be published or under review elsewhere, will be sustained and experience the “Duplicated Publication Sanctions”. Submitted Manuscripts, which are found to include either fabricated or falsified data including the manipulation of images, will confront with the “Data Fabrication/Falsification Sanctions”.




The Addiction and Health will follow the COPE guidelines to deal with cases of potential publication misconduct.




 Open Access agreement

Upon submitting an article, authors are asked to indicate their agreement to abide by an Open Access Creative Commons license.  Under the terms of this license (, authors retain ownership of the copyright of their articles. However, the license permits any user to download, print out, extract, reuse, archive, and distribute the article, so long as appropriate credit is given to the authors and the source of the work. The license ensures that the article will be available as widely as possible and that the article can be included in any scientific archive..



Based on the COPE guidelines, Addiction and Health will consider retracting a publication if:

  • It has clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
  • The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication) 
  • It constitutes plagiarism.
  • It reports unethical research.


In the case of occurrence documented violations of the aforementioned policies of  addiction and Health, it is the journal’s right to apply the following sanctions:

  • journal’s keeps all the rights to retract the infringing published works at any time found based on the COPE guideline for retracting articles.
  • Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript and sanction of the infringed author(s).
  • Prohibition against all the authors for any new submissions to addiction and Health for a minimum of 24 months.
  • Prohibition against all the infringed authors from serving as a reviewer of acting as a member of the Editorial Board of Addiction and Health for a minimum of 36 months.
  • In cases of occurrence of violations found to be particularly ostensible, Addiction and Health reserves the right to apply additional sanctions beyond the aforementioned actions. 


Final proof

After acceptance and editing of the article, the galley proof is sent to the corresponding author via e-mail and the author is responsible for proofreading. Corrections should be marked clearly and the article should be returned within 48 hours.

Note to Iranian authors:

 For publication in this journal, the authors will be required to prepared and send the Persian Abstract too.


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