Prediction of Addiction Relapse Based on Perceived Social Support and Childhood Trauma

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

2 Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Qom University

3 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran



Background: The adverse effects of addiction relapse have always been major challenges in addiction treatment. Perceived social 
support and childhood trauma are determinants of drug addiction and relapse prevention. The current study aimed to predict drug 
addiction relapse based on perceived social support and childhood trauma in drug addiction treatment centers in Qom, Iran. 
Methods: The present study examined 320 individuals, who visited drug addiction treatment centers in Qom, Iran and were selected 
using the purposive sampling method. The data collection tools included a demographic information questionnaire, the Social 
Support Scale, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), and the Addiction Relapse Frequency Questionnaire. 
Data were analyzed using SPSS 20 and independent t-tests, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson test, and multivariate regression.
Findings: The research results indicated that 49.4% (n=158) of cases used opium. The results of multivariate regression of the factors 
related to addiction relapse indicated that the childhood trauma score had a significant effect on the relapse of more than 3 times 
in a way that childhood trauma increased the relapse rate of more than 3 times by 13%, but social support caused a significant 
reduction in the relapse rate of more than 3 times.
Conclusion: The research findings indicated that addiction relapse had a significant relationship with childhood trauma and 
perceived social support. The results can be a guide for future studies to expand psychological knowledge about the determinants 
of the treatment and prevention of addiction relapse and help to develop psychological explanations of this disorder.


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