Classifying the Factors Affecting Information Therapy to Support Clinical Decisions on Addiction

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Student of Medical Library and Information Science, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Background: The present study aimed to identify the dimensions and components of developing an information therapy approach 
for clinical decisions on addiction in addiction treatment centers based on the opinions of thematic specialists in Iran using the 
fuzzy Delphi technique.
Methods: This study was a qualitative one conducted using Delphi method on 20 researchers of addiction treatment in the areas of 
psychiatry, psychology, medicine, etc.
Findings: The analysis of the data revealed 92 indicators in two dimensions, namely information dimension (health literacy) and 
treatment dimension (health services), each containing 6 components. The information dimension included acquiring information, 
identifying information, sharing information, raising awareness, information needs, and health knowledge, and the treatment 
dimension included patient satisfaction, information-seeking behaviors and skills, treatment methods and costs, participatory care 
and use of information, educational interventions, and disease prevention.
Conclusion: Developing an information therapy approach in addiction treatment, as a cost-effective and low-cost method, is one 
of the cognitive strategies that can be used by officials to pave the way for health in this regard. This technique aims to improve the 
quality of medical services and care for addicts and is a suitable solution to meet their needs


Sedigheh Mohammadesmaeil: (Google Scholar) (PubMed)

Shiba Kianmehr: (Google Scholar) (PubMed)


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094 Acquiring health knowledge is a mutual cooperation in treatment process. 0.6625 0.8625 -0.2
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100 Educational interventions require joint training programs. 0.8813 0.7875 0.09375
101 Information and self-care can only be achieved through education to avoid risky behaviors. 0.5313 0.79375 -0.2625
103 Educational interventions lead to patient care in the form of a cohesive educational team. 0.8188 0.7875 0.03125
104 Knowledge of how to maintain health and prevent diseases leads to improving the lifestyle of patients 
undergoing addiction treatment. 0.8063 0.7875 0.01875
108 Knowing how to maintain health and prevent diseases can reduce stress as well as mental and emotional 
disorders caused by this disease. 0.6313 0.7 -0.06875
111 Mere evaluation of health symptoms leads to the adoption of preventive behaviors. 0.7 0.8125 -0.1125
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Mohammadesmaeil and Kianmehr
162 Addict Health. Volume 15, Number 3, 2023
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