The Relationship between Health-promoting Lifestyle and Suicidal Ideation in Addicted Women

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Social Science, School of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran



Background: Addiction is one of the most important problems of the present century that can be the basis of 
many social and family problems. Addiction severely affects the physical and mental health and lifestyle of 
addicted people and sometimes leads to suicide. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship 
between health-promoting lifestyle and suicidal ideation in addicted women.

Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, the statistical population included all addicted women who 
referred to psychiatric hospitals in Kerman, Iran, in 2020, among whom 118 people were selected using 
convenience sampling method. Data were collected using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) (1974) and were 
analyzed using Spearman's correlation coefficient test.

Findings: 44.9% of women had no suicidal ideation, 23.7% were ready to commit suicide, and 30.5% 
attempted suicide. There was a significant inverse relationship between health-promoting lifestyle and its 
components (nutrition, physical activity, health responsibility, stress management, interpersonal 
relationships, and spiritual growth) with suicidal ideation.

Conclusion: The results of this study can have important applications in the care and rehabilitation of 
addicted people and reduce suicidal ideation among them. In the rehabilitation of addicted people, one of the 
important goals should be improving the quality of life (QOL) and lifestyle of these people.