A Narrative Review of Third-Wave Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies in Addiction

Document Type : Review Article(s)


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

2 Department of Addiction Studies, School of Medicine AND Clinical Research Development Unit, Matini/Kargarnejad Hospital, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran


Substance use disorder (SUD) is a prevalent health issue with serious social and personal consequences.
SUDs are linked to numerous physical health problems. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders-5th Edition (DSM-V), the essential characteristic of a SUD is a collection of cognitive, behavioral,
and psychological manifestations indicative of the subject’s unbaiting substance use despite experiencing
significant problems due to continued use. Several alternative interventions have been indicated. Among
them, mindfulness-based therapies are receiving growing attention. This article reviews evidence for the use
of third-wave cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs) in addiction treatment. We have reviewed the literature
published from 1990 to 2019. Further research is required to better understand the types of mindfulnessbased interventions that work best for specific types of addiction, patients, and situations. Current findings
increasingly support third-wave CBTs as a promising complementary therapy for the treatment and
prevention of addiction