The Effect of Individual and Group Education Done by Nurses on Smoking Dependency and Smoking Cessation Motivation in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

2 Children Growth Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran


Background: This study was carried out to reveal the effect of individual and group education done by a nurse
on smoking dependency and smoking cessation motivation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
Methods: The present randomized controlled trial study was conducted in Iran. A total of 255 patients were
randomly divided into three groups: 1) individual education, 2) group education, and 3) control. Data were
collected using the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and Smoking Cessation Motivation
Questionnaire (Q-MAT) one time before the intervention and two times after intervention (1st and 3rd months).
Findings: The mean scores of motivation for smoking cessation and smoking dependency in patients in the
individual and group education were significantly better than the control group after the intervention (1st and
3rd months) (P < 0.05). Although there was no significant difference in the mean scores of smoking cessation
motivation and smoking dependency in patients in the individual education and group education groups
after education, the status of the patients in the group education was slightly better.
Conclusion: Education by nurses might have a significant impact on smoking cessation motivation and
smoking dependency in patients with CAD. Further studies are recommended