Effectiveness of Resilience Training on Ego-control and Hardiness of Illicit Drug Users

Document Type : Original Article(s)


1 Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Payame Nour University, Sari, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Consulting, Payame Nour University of Sari, Sari, Iran

3 PhD Student, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 PhD Student, Department of Consulting, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

5 Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 Researcher, Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of resilience training upon ego-control and hardiness of the addicted persons.Methods: This was a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest control groups which was conducted in Sari, Iran, during 2014-2015. Thirty persons were selected among 240 illicit drug users who underwent screening. Resilience training was performed in ten sessions for the experimental group. The Kobasa hardiness questionnaire and self-restraint scale (SRS) were used for data collection and multivariate covariance test was performed for data analysis.Findings: According to the data, ego-control and hardiness of participants were improved significantly by resilience training (P < 0.001).Conclusion: Resilience training is effective upon the rate of ego–control and self-restraint and hardiness. This method can be used in addiction treatment clinics and residential centers.


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