Document Type : Original Article(s)
Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Payame Nour University, Sari, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Consulting, Payame Nour University of Sari, Sari, Iran
PhD Student, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
PhD Student, Department of Consulting, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Researcher, Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of resilience training upon ego-control and hardiness of the addicted persons.Methods: This was a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest control groups which was conducted in Sari, Iran, during 2014-2015. Thirty persons were selected among 240 illicit drug users who underwent screening. Resilience training was performed in ten sessions for the experimental group. The Kobasa hardiness questionnaire and self-restraint scale (SRS) were used for data collection and multivariate covariance test was performed for data analysis.Findings: According to the data, ego-control and hardiness of participants were improved significantly by resilience training (P < 0.001).Conclusion: Resilience training is effective upon the rate of ego–control and self-restraint and hardiness. This method can be used in addiction treatment clinics and residential centers.