Document Type : Original Article(s)
Lecturer, Academic Member, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payame Noor University, Shahreza, Isfahan, Iran
Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Farrokh Shahr, Shahrekord, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Background: The risk of cell phone addiction is a social and psychological problem which has been proposed by psychologists, psychiatrists, and educational supervisors. The present study aimed to investigate the behavior of mobile phone addicts and mental health of university students of Shahrekord, Iran. Methods: This study was an applied research survey for the purposes of this study. The study population consisted of all the students of Payame Noor University, Islamic Azad University, and University of Medical Sciences. The study population consisted of 296 students who were randomly selected from the target population. To collect data, two types of questionnaires were used, the Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) questionnaire, and the 32-point scale questionnaire of behavior associated with mobile phone use (Hooper and Zhou, 2007). Data analysis was performed using SPSS software, statistical analysis, frequency distribution, mean, one-way ANOVA, chi-square, and LSD (Least significance difference). Findings: The results showed that university students of Shahrekord, based on the six categories of mobile addiction behaviors, were mostly placed in habitual behaviors (21.49%), addiction (21.49%), and intentional (21.49%) categories. By reviewing mental health indicators, it was found that students were affected with depressive disorder (17.30%), obsessive compulsive disorder (14.20%), and interpersonal sensitivity (13.80%). The results showed that there was a significant inverse relationship between mental health and habitual behaviors (r = -0.417), dependence (r = -0.317), addiction (r = -0.330), and incontinence (r = -0.309) in using mobile phone (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Survey results showed that with increased and improved mental health, the student’s rate of cell phone addiction reduced.