The Relationship of Metacognitive Beliefs and Tendency to Addiction in Sistan and Baluchistan University, Zahedan, Iran

Document Type : Original Article(s)


1 Student of MPH, Department of Psycho Social Health, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 MA General Psychology, Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Sistan and Balochestan University, Zahedan, Iran

3 MA General Psychology, Department of Psychology, School of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran


Background: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between metacognitive beliefs and the tendency to addiction in the students of the University of Sistan and Baluchistan, located in the –South-East of Iran, during the academic year of 2009-2010. Methods: This was a descriptive, correlational study, and the statistical samples were 200 male BSc students selected with cluster random sampling procedures from the three schools of Literature, Science, and Engineering. The measuring tools were the metacognition Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), and Addiction Potential Scale. Data analysis was done by the SPSS software using the Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regressions. Findings: The result of data analysis showed that metacognitive beliefs and their subscales had a significant negative relationship with the tendency toward addiction (P < 0.01). The results show that fewer metacognitive characteristics are associated with a high tendency to addiction. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that disturbed metacognitive beliefs is a good predictor of students tendency to addiction, therefore, teaching strategies metacognition is important in the prevention of young people’s Tendency toward- addiction.   Keywords: Metacognition, Metacognition beliefs, Tendency to addiction