Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Original Article
1. Waterpipe Smoking among Herat University Students: Prevalence, Attitudes, and Associated Factors

Aziz-ur-Rahman Niazi; Nasar Ahmad Shayan; Su Ozgur; Shafiq Ahmad Joya; Hilal Ozcebe

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 235-243

Abstract
  AbstractBackground: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is an ancient type of smoking that has become a globalphenomenon. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of waterpipe smoking and its relation tosocio-demographic characteristics in Herat University students in western Afghanistan.Methods: In this ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Evaluation of Antioxidant Capacity and Cotinine Levels of Saliva in Male Smokers and Non-smokers

Ala Ghazi; Atessa Pakfetrat; Seyed Isaac Hashemy; Farzaneh Boroomand; Abdollah Javan-Rashid

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 244-250

Abstract
  Background: The cigarette compounds are associated with the increase in the incidence of oral cancer andprecancerous lesions. Salivary antioxidant system plays an important role in anti-carcinogenic capacity ofsaliva. Cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, has a longer half-life in comparison with nicotine ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
3. Chronic Exposure to Morphine Leads to a Reduced Affective Pain Response in the Presence of Hyperalgesia in an Animal Model of Empathy

Masoud Nazeri-Rezaabad; Zahra Jamalpoor; Mohammad Sadegh Alemrajabi; Masoomeh Nozari; Moazamehosadat Razavinasab; Akram Nezhadi

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 251-258

Abstract
  Background: Empathy is the capability to represent the mental and emotional states of other subjects.Previous studies have demonstrated a possible correlation between morphine addiction and altered empathyresponse in morphine-addicted subjects. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of chronic ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Effect of Magnesium Sulfate Added to Tincture of Opium and Buprenorphine on Pain and Quality of Life in Women with Dysmenorrhea: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

Bijan Pirnia; Raheleh Masoudi; Kambiz Pirnia; Mina Jalali; Mohammad Reza Eslami; Parastoo Malekanmehr; Fariborz Pirnia; Ladan Ajori

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 259-268

Abstract
  Background: Adding magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) to opioid receptor agonists increases the opioid analgesiceffects via blocking this receptor. The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of adding MgSO4 totincture of opium (TOP) and buprenorphine (BUP) on pain and quality of life (QOL).Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
5. The Effect of Individual and Group Education Done by Nurses on Smoking Dependency and Smoking Cessation Motivation in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Afsaneh Badrooh; Naser Mozaffari; Ameneh Barikani; Behrouz Dadkhah

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 269-277

Abstract
  Background: This study was carried out to reveal the effect of individual and group education done by a nurseon smoking dependency and smoking cessation motivation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods: The present randomized controlled trial study was conducted in Iran. A total of 255 ...  Read More

Original Article
6. The Effect of High-frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Reducing Depression and Anxiety in Methamphetamine Users

Nastaran Mansouriyeh; Majid Mahmoud-Aliloo; Reza Rostami

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 278-286

Abstract
  Background: Methamphetamine use has been associated with higher rates of depression and anxiety. Themesocorticolimbic dopaminergic reward system seems to play a crucial role in inducing depression andanxiety in methamphetamine users. High-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale in a Sample of Iranian Waterpipe Smokers

Bagher Pahlavanzadeh; Seyed Abolhassan Naghibi; Rahman Berdi-Ozounidavaji; Fatemeh Zarghami; Shirin Shahbazi-Sighaldeh; Ali Mohammadinia; Mahdieh Sadat Hosseini; Kamal Mirkarimi; Amangholi Rahimi; Mohammad Shoaib-Hamrah; Edwin Paul; Abdurrahman Charkazi

Volume 12, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 287-293

Abstract
  Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) has recently increased in Iran. There is no valid instrumentto measure the level of nicotine dependence among its consumers. This study was aimed to investigate thevalidity and reliability of the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale-11 (LWDS-11).Methods: A cross-sectional ...  Read More