Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Original Article
1. Comparing the Efficacy of Methadone and Tincture of Opium in Controlling Agitation Caused by Withdrawal Syndrome in Opium-Addicted Patients in the Intensive Care Unit: A Randomized Trial Study

Seyed Mojtaba Sohrevardi; Mostafa Pournamdari; Raazieh Salimi; Farhad Sarrafzadeh; Mehdi Ahmadinejad

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 69-76

Abstract
  Background: Few studies have been conducted regarding the comparison of the efficacy of methadone andtincture of opium (TOP) in controlling agitation induced by withdrawal syndrome. Therefore, the currentrandomized trial study is carried out with the aim to evaluate comparisons on the efficacy of methadone ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Development of a Hookah Smoking Obscenity Measurement Scale for Adolescents

Khadijeh Keshavarzian; Haidar Nadrian; Hamid Allahverdipour; Asghar Mohammadpoorasl

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 77-86

Abstract
  Background: The worldwide trend of hookah use among adolescents is increasing, and literature shows arelationship between obscenity and adolescents’ tendency toward hookah smoking. As there is a lack ofappropriate instruments to measure the obscenity of hookah smoking, in the present study, we ...  Read More

Original Article
3. An Estimation of Drug-Related Deaths in Iran, Using the Capture-Recapture Method (2014-2016)

Masoudeh Babakhanian; Mehran Zarghami; Abbas Alipour; Ardeshir Khosravi; Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari; Mehdi Saberi; Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 87-97

Abstract
  Background: The Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME) and the Legal Medicine Organization(LMO) are the 2 death registration systems in Iran for registering drug-related deaths. The aim of the presentstudy was to assess the number of undercount and the overlap between the deaths registered ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Understanding the Reasons for Sharing Syringes or Needles to Inject Drugs: Conventional Content Analysis

Monireh Faghir-Gangi; Hadith Rastad; Saharnaz Nedjat; Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar; Kamran Yazdani; Ali Mirzazadeh

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 98-108

Abstract
  Background: This qualitative study was undertaken with the aim to identify the reasons for sharing syringesor needles among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Iran.Methods: We used purposive sampling to recruit 4 groups of participants, male PWID (n = 14), female PWID(n = 6), service providers (n = 8), ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Swimming Exercise Training Attenuates the Lung Inflammatory Response and Injury Induced by Exposing to Waterpipe Tobacco Smoke

Mohammad Reza Nakhaee; Mohammad Reza Zolfaghari; Siyavash Joukar; Nouzar Nakhaee; Yaser Masoumi-Ardakani; Maryam Iranpour; Mozhdeh Nazari

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 109-117

Abstract
  Background: The use of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is on the rise throughout the world, especiallyamong young people and even athletes. There is a belief among consumers that exercise prevents the harmfuleffects of hookah smoke on the body. We examined this belief by evaluation of lung injury following ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Ameliorative Effect of Melatonin Against Reproductive Toxicity of Tramadol in Rats via the Regulation of Oxidative Stress, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, and Apoptosis-related Gene Expression Signaling Pathway

Motahareh Koohsari; Nematollah Ahangar; Ebrahim Mohammadi; Fatemeh Shaki

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 118-129

Abstract
  Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective properties of melatonin (MT)against oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis induced by tramadol-reproductive toxicityin male rats.Methods: The rats were divided into the 7 groups of control, melatonin (1.5 mg/kg), ...  Read More

Review Article(s)
7. Crosstalk between Sleep Disturbance and Opioid Use Disorder: A Narrative Review

Hamid Reza Fathi; Ali Yoonessi; Ali Khatibi; Fariborz Rezaeitalab; Amir Rezaei-Ardani

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 130-148

Abstract
  Recent studies have revealed a growing number of patients affected by opioid use disorders (OUDs).Comorbid disorders are suspected to increase the risk of opioid-related adverse effects or treatment failure.The correlation of opioid use with sleep disturbances has been reported in many different studies ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
8. The Impact of Drug and Alcohol Consumption and Socio-demographic Variables on the Age of First Selling Sex among Iranian Female Sex Workers

Mahboobeh Mousavi-Ramezanzade; Yunes Jahani; Moghaddameh Mirzaee; Hamid Sharifi

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 149-158

Abstract
  Background: A significant proportion of Female Sex Workers (FSWs) as a vulnerable population begin sellingsex at an early age, which may lead the person to develop sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) and humanimmunodeficiency virus (HIV). Thus, this study seeks to identify the factors which influence ...  Read More