Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Original Article
1. Correlates of Alcohol Consumption and Drug Injection among Homeless Youth: A Case Study in the Southeast of Iran

Abolfazl Hosseinnataj; Abbas Bahrampour; Mohammad Reza Baneshi; Samira Poormorovat; Glayol Ardalan; Farzaneh Zolala; Naser Nasiri; Jasem Zarei; Ghazal Mousavian; Abedin Iranpour; Hamid Sharifi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 207-215

Abstract
  Background: Alcohol use and drug injection are prevalent among homeless youths. The aim of this study wasto identify the associated factors of alcohol consumption and drug injection among homeless youths aged18-29 years.Methods: Data on 202 homeless youths (111 males and 91 females) were collected using ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Role of Opioid System in Empathy-like Behaviours in Rats

Masoud Nazeri; Akram Nezhadi; Mohammad Shabani

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 216-222

Abstract
  Background: Empathy is defined as the ability to simulate the mental states of others. Recent studies havedemonstrated empathy-like behaviors in other animals including rats and mice. The objective of the currentstudy was to evaluate the effect of acute administration of morphine and naloxone on cognition ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Comparing Medical Comorbidities Between Opioid and Cocaine Users: A Data Mining Approach

Yong-Mi Kim

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 223-233

Abstract
  Background: Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are instrumental in controlling opioid misuse,but opioid users have increasingly shifted to cocaine, creating a different set of medical problems. Whileopioid use results in multiple medical comorbidities, findings of the existing studies reported ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Internet Addiction and the Psychometric Properties of the Nine-item Internet Disorder Scale–Short Form: An Application of Rasch Analysis

Abdulbari Bener; Mark D Griffiths; Nuket Guler Baysoy; Funda Catan; Eray Yurtseven

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 234-242

Abstract
  Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of disordered internet use amongadolescent university students and its association with various health complaints and behaviours, and mostimportantly to examine the psychometric properties of 9-item Internet Disorder Scale-Short ...  Read More

Original Article
5. The experiences of people who quit khat and the health care professionals who support them

Suhana Begum; Angeliki Bogosian; Hayley McBain

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 243-255

Abstract
  Background: This study aimed to explore the barriers and enablers to quitting khat from the perspective ofusers and the barriers and enablers to supporting users to quit from the perspective of healthcareprofessionals (HCPs).Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Twelve-hour before Driving Prevalence of Alcohol and Drug Use among Heavy Vehicle Drivers in South East of Iran Using Network Scale Up

Milad Ahmadi-Gohari; Farzaneh Zolala; Abedin Iranpour; Mohammad Reza Baneshi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 256-261

Abstract
  Background: Heavy vehicle drivers spend a great deal of time away from their families. This issue and other difficulties around their job may increase risky behaviors among them. The current study aims to investigate the prevalence of opium drugs, stimulants, cannabis, and alcohol use 12 hours before ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Deterrent Action of Acamprosate: A Case Report

MAMIDIPALLI SAI SPOORTHY; Sanghamitra Godi; Lokesh Kumar Singh

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 276-280

Abstract
  Background: Among the three pharmacological agents available for alcohol de-addiction, acamprosate and naltrexone are considered anti-craving agents. Among these two, acamprosate is better tolerated, has low abuse potential, and is safe in overdose. But the mechanism of action of acamprosate still remains ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Correlation among the Behavioral Features in the Offspring of Morphine-Abstinent Rats

Hamid Ahmadian-Moghadam; Ardeshir Akbarabadi; Heidar Toolee; Mitra Sadat Sadat-Shirazi; Solmaz Khalifeh; Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast; Saba Niknamfar

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, Pages 262-275

Abstract
  Background: Critical analysis of new evidence in medical sciences relies on statistics in terms of correlation.The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation coefficients among the behavioral features in theoffspring of morphine-abstinent parent(s).Methods: The offspring of various types ...  Read More