Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Original Article
1. Ginger Extract Reduces Chronic Morphine-Induced Neuroinflammation and Glial Activation in Nucleus Accumbens of Rats

Shima Torkzadeh-Mahani; Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani; Sima Nasri; Fatemeh Darvishzadeh; Reyhaneh Naderi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 66-72

Abstract
  Background: Chronic usage of morphine elicits the production of inflammatory factors by glial cells andinduces neuroinflammation. Ginger (Zingiber Officinale Roscoe) is a medicinal herb that has antiinflammatory properties. It has been reported that ginger shows anti-addictive effects against chronic ...  Read More

Original Article
2. The Relationship between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation with Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction among University Students

Nabi Banazadeh; Abdolreza Sabahi; Hasan Ziaadini; Arash jalali khalilabadi; Mohammad Banazadeh

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 73-80

Abstract
  Background: Psychological stress is associated with unhealthy lifestyles, including smoking. Moreover, religiousbeliefs can play a significant role in relieving mental disorders such as anxiety and stress. Due to the frequentexposure of medical students to stressful situations, this study was conducted ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Cross-country Comparison of Treatment Policies Facing the Drug Abuse in Five Selected Countries

Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhasani; Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi; Ahmad Hajebi; Saeid Mirzaei

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 81-92

Abstract
  Background: Drug abuse is one of the main problems of human's life; thus communities have been thinkingabout the solution of this problem. The present study aimed to compare the general features of drug abusetreatment policies, war on drugs (WOD), and harm reduction (HR), in the selected countries.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
4. The Assessment of Serum Apelin-12 Level in a Variety of Pulmonary Malignancies in Smokers

Mahdia Gholamnejad; Khadijeh Meghrazi; Masoomeh Akhgar; Moharram Shaianmehr

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 93-99

Abstract
  Background: Apelin has recently been considered as an adipokine secreted from visceral fat. Apelin and itsreceptor exist in many tissues including lung and play significant roles in many physiological andpathological activities. However, serum level of apelin-12 is unknown in smokers and in various types ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Effects of Endurance Exercise Training on Cardiac Dysfunction Induced by Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking

Mohammad Reza Nakhaee; Siyavash Joukar; Mohammad Reza Zolfaghari; Farzaneh Rostamzadeh; Yaser Masoumi-Ardakani; Maryam Iranpour; Mozhdeh Nazari

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 100-109

Abstract
  Background: There is an increasing popularity of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) in youth and even inathletes worldwide. Despite the existence of evidence of the harmful effects of hookah smoke on varioussystems of the body, especially the cardiovascular system, its simultaneous effect with exercise ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Designing and Evaluating the Validity and Reliability of the Persian Gambling Disorder Screening Questionnaire

Masoomeh Maarefvand; Maral Mardaneh-Jobehdar; Maziyar Ghiabi; Hossein Rafimanesh; Ayoub Mohammadi; Zohreh Morshedi; Milad Ajami; Jagdish Khubchandani; Samaneh Hosseinzadeh

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 110-119

Abstract
  Background: Gambling disorder (GD) and substance use disorder (SUD) have mutual impact and each couldaggravate the effects of the other. This is the first study on GD among Iranian substance users to develop andvalidate a GD Screening Questionnaire-Persian (GDSQ-P).Methods: Iranian male adults (n = 503) ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Comparing the Effects of Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Opium Tincture Maintenance Therapy on Sexual Function

Ali Kheradmand; Ahad Fazeli; Azadeh Mazaheri-Meybodi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 120-128

Abstract
  Background: Opioid use disorder is a major concern to public health, and opioid maintenance treatment onmethadone or buprenorphine is a widely used approach. On the other hand, in recent years, there has beenmore regards for the use of opium tincture for detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioiddependence ...  Read More

Review Article(s)
8. A Review of Alcohol-Related Harms: A Recent Update

Abedin Iranpour; Nouzar Nakhaee; Masoud Moghadari; Haleh Tajeddini

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, Pages 129-137

Abstract
  In the early decades of the 20th century, discussions regarding alcohol were dominantly directed toward itstherapeutic uses, but authorities now state that any level of alcohol consumption poses negative effects onhealth. Over recent months, increased attention has been devoted to disease burdens attributable ...  Read More