Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Original Article(s)
1. Network Location and Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission among ‎Injecting Drug Users: Results of Multiple Membership Multilevel Modeling of Social ‎Networks

Armita Shahesmaeili ‎; Ali Akbar Haghdoost ‎; Hamid Soori ‎

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 1-13

Abstract
  Background: Despite the implementation of harm reduction program, some injecting drug users (IDU) continue to engage in high-risk behaviors. It seems that there are some social factors that contribute to risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in IDUs. The aim of this study was to analysis ...  Read More

Short Communication(s)
2. Investigating the Relationship between Personality Traits and Self-Control and ‎Nicotine Dependence Symptoms in Male Prisoners in Kerman, Iran

Tayebeh Baniassadi ‎; Zeinab Javanmard; Mahmoud Zivari-Rahman; Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam; Masoumeh Adhami

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 82-86

Abstract
  Background: Smoking is the most common and cheapest addictive substance and has physical, psychological, and social side effects. Personality traits and low self-control have been identified as key factors for substance and tobacco abuse. This study examined the relationship between personality traits ...  Read More

Case Report(s)
3. Breastfeeding: Negligence or Extreme Support? A Case Report of Child Abuse by a ‎Negligent Heroin-Dependent Mother

Mahin Eslami-Shahrbabaki; Delaram Barfeh; Parvin ‎ Eslami-Shahrbabaki

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 92-95

Abstract
  Background: Breastfeeding is one of the best ways to promote, develop, and secure the health of infants. Child abuse is one of the most common and most important problems in the world, and one of the factors that increase its incidence is substance dependency of the parents. Breastfeeding beyond the ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
5. Effectiveness of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Persistent Methamphetamine ‎Psychosis: A Pilot Study

Hassan Ziaaddini; Toktam Roohbakhsh; Nouzar Nakhaee; Alireza Ghaffari-Nejad

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 14-23

Abstract
  Background: Persistent methamphetamine (METH) psychosis is a psychotic state beyond 1-month after abstinence, for which there is no effective treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in persistent METH psychosis patients hospitalized at Shahid Beheshti ...  Read More

Short Communication(s)
6. Effect of Anti-Smoking Legislation in Public Places

Nagesh Bhat; Swapnil Oza; Jaddu Jyothirmai Reddy; Ruchi Mitra; Rahul Patel; Sopan Singh

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 87-91

Abstract
  Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anti-smoking legislation in public places and public support for smoking ban. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in public places such as market, bus/railway station, workplaces and hospitals in Udaipur, India. Informed consent ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
7. A Study of the Sexual Function, Sleep, and Weight Status of Patients after 6 Months of ‎Methadone Maintenance Treatment

Noushin Parvaresh‎; Abdol Reza Sabahi; Shahrzad Mazhari; Hoda Gilani

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 24-29

Abstract
  Background: Methadone is a synthetic opioid and receptor agonist morphine; thus, its consumption has the effects and side effects of opioid. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is used as an alternative treatment for people who are suffering from substance abuse and do not have the ability to withdraw. ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
8. Comparing the Early Maladaptive Schemas, Attachment and Coping Styles ‎in ‎Opium and Stimulant Drugs Dependent Men in Kerman, Iran

Seyed Mehdi Hosseinifard; Narjes Kaviani

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 30-36

Abstract
  Background: Today, the society’s need to find the roots of a few thousand-year old substance abuse and the drugs addiction crisis has increased to the extent that it has become a problem within our country. The problem of substance dependence is not only about drug abuse, but it is actually the interrelationship ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
9. A Study of the Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders in‏ ‏Patients with ‎Methamphetamine-Induced Psychosis

Mahin Eslami-Shahrbabaki; Alireza Fekrat; Shahrzad Mazhari

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 37-46

Abstract
  Background: The abuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances such as amphetamines and ecstasy has had a growing trend. Tachycardia, increased blood pressure, hallucinations, panic attacks, and psychosis are the negative effects of methamphetamine abuse. The present study aimed to assess psychiatric ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
10. Effects of Different Concentrations of Opium on the Secretion of ‎Interleukin-6, Interferon-γ and Transforming Growth Factor Beta Cytokines ‎from Jurkat Cells

Gholamreza Asadikaram; Somayeh Igder; Zahra Jamali; Nader Shahrokhi; Hamid Najafipour; Mostafa Shokoohi; Abdollah Jafarzadeh; Mohammad Kazemi-Arababadi

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 47-53

Abstract
  Background: The risk of infectious, autoimmune and immunodeficiency diseases and cancers rise in opioid addicts due to changes in innate and acquired immune responses. Three types of opioid receptors (К،δ،μ) are expressed on the surface of lymphocytes and mononuclear phagocytes. The present study ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
11. Fasting Blood Glucose and Insulin Level in Opium Addict versus Non-Addict Individuals

Mohammad Hossein Gozashti; Farzaneh Yazdi; Pouria Salajegheh; Mohammad Moein Dehesh; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 54-59

Abstract
  Background: Many of lay person believe that opium lowers blood glucose. However some studies show the opposite results. In this study, we tried to evaluate the effect of opium on blood glucose and insulin resistance. Methods: This comparative study including 53 addicts in case groups who used opium just ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
12. Post-operative Analgesia in Opioid Dependent Patients: Comparison of ‎Intravenous Morphine and Sublingual Buprenorphine

Shaabanali Alizadeh; Ghafar‏ ‏Ali Mahmoudi; Hassan Solhi; Bahman Sadeghi-Sedeh; Reza Behzadi; Amir Mohammad Kazemifar

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 60-65

Abstract
  Background: Acute and chronic pain is prevalent in patients with opioid dependence. Lack of knowledge concerning the complex relationship between pain, opioid use, and withdrawal syndrome can account for the barriers encountered for pain management. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
13. The Comparison of Apotel plus Low Dose of Morphine and Full Dose of Morphine in Pain ‎Relief in Patients with Acute Renal Colic

Hamid Reza Morteza-Bagi; Mohsen Amjadi; Reyhaneh Mirzaii-Sousefidi

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 66-73

Abstract
  Background: Renal colic is an acute flank pain which may radiate to the groin, lower abdomen, or external genitalia due to the passage of a urinary stones. Pain management is the most important task in emergency wards when a patient with renal colic attends. This study aims to compare intravenous acetaminophen ...  Read More

Original Article(s)
14. Comparing Violence against Women with and Without an Addicted Spouse in ‎Kashan, Iran

Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery; Rouhangiz Karimi; Hassan Karbasi; Mostafa Haji-Rezaei; Efat Aminolroayaee

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, Pages 74-81

Abstract
  Background: Although some studies have been conducted on violence against women, but all these studies were conducted in the general population and not the wives of addicts. This study was aimed to compare the violence against women with and without an addicted spouse. Methods: This comparative study ...  Read More