The Relationship between Decision-Making Styles and Attributional Styles in Addicted and Non-addicted Men

Farhad Shaghaghy, Majid Saffarinia, Mohadeseh Iranpoor, Ali Soltanynejad


Background: One of social problems which has affected our society and resulted in problems for different groups of people is drug abuse. This issue indicates a serious psychological, physical and social problem in community. Social skills have positive and successful influences in prevention of substance abuse. This includes the ability to explain events correctly and then appropriate decision making. This study compares decision making styles and attributional styles between addicted and non addicted men to recognize their role in addiction.

Methods: In this study, 200 addicted and non addicted men were randomly selected. Decision-making style and attributional style questionnaires were used. Data analysis was performed by independent Student’s t and Pearson correlation tests.

Findings: The study population included 81 addicted and 90 non-addicted men. Addicted and non addicted men were significantly different in rational decision-making style (P < 0.05). Negative relationship was found between rational decision making and optimistic attribution style (r = -0.305,
P < 0.01) and direct relationship was found between rational decision making and learned helplessness (r = 0.309, P < 0.01).

Conclusion: Our study showed that addicts are less rational in decision making and addicts that developed learned helplessness were less rational and did not have optimistic attribution style. These issues show that addiction institutions and therapists have to pay attention to cognitive factors for addiction prevention.

Keywords: Decision making style, Attributional style, Learned helplessness, Addiction.

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