Effectiveness of Resilience Training on Ego-control and Hardiness of Illicit Drug Users

Amin Roustaei, Babollah Bakhshipoor, Younes Doostian, Ali Akbar Goodiny, Mansoureh Koohikar, Omid Massah


Background: The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of resilience training upon ego-control and hardiness of the addicted persons.

Methods: This was a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest control groups which was conducted in Sari, Iran, during 2014-2015. Thirty persons were selected among 240 illicit drug users who underwent screening. Resilience training was performed in ten sessions for the experimental group. The Kobasa hardiness questionnaire and self-restraint scale (SRS) were used for data collection and multivariate covariance test was performed for data analysis.

Findings: According to the data, ego-control and hardiness of participants were improved significantly by resilience training (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Resilience training is effective upon the rate of ego–control and self-restraint and hardiness. This method can be used in addiction treatment clinics and residential centers.


Resilience; Hardiness; Illicit drug users; Substance use disorders

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/ahj.v9i1.454


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