Document Type : Original Article(s)
MSc Student, Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Sirjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sirjan, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Anar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
Associate Professor, Neuroscience Research Center AND Institute of Neuropharmacology, Afzalipour School of Medicine AND Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
General Practitioner, Shahid Beheshti Hospital AND Researcher, Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Background: The study of temperament and problem-solving styles in people with substance abuse is important in promoting the functions of prevention and treatment of this social problem. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the nature and problem-solving skills of methadone treated patients with buprenorphine treated patients.Methods: This study was performed on 62 patients and 54 patients randomly selected for buprenorphine and methadone treatment, respectively. The data was collected using Cloninger’s Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Problem-Solving Questionnaire designed by Cassidy and Long.Findings: Novelty seeking (NS) was higher in patients treated with buprenorphine than those treated with methadone and cooperation was higher in methadone treated patients than those treated with buprenorphine. Moreover, helplessness in patients with methadone treatment was more than those treated with buprenorphine.Conclusion: The study of personality or temperamental characteristics (novelty seeking, cooperation, and etc.) and problem-solving styles in people on buprenorphine and methadone treatment is recommended because it may increase therapeutic success and patients’ adherence to treatment.
- Dallas TX, David W, Julie K. Staley behavioral neuroscience of drug addiction. Biosocieties 2010; 39: 22-6.
- American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: Dsm-5. Washington, DC: APA; 2013.
- Degenhardt L, Hall WD, Warner-Smith M, Lynskey MT. Illicit drug use. In: Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Editors. Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Sexual and reproductive health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2004. p. 1109-76.
- Hall WD, Mattick RP. Oral substitution treatments for opioid dependence. Lancet 2008; 371(9631): 2150-1.
- Arnau MM, Mondon S, Santacreu JJ. Using the temperament and character inventory (TCI) to predict outcome after inpatient detoxification during 100 days of outpatient treatment. Alcohol Alcohol 2008; 43(5): 583-8.
- Takeuchi M, Miyaoka H, Tomoda A, Suzuki M, Lu X, Kitamura T. Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory: A study of university and college students. Compr Psychiatry 2011; 52(1): 109-17.
- Adan A, Serra-Grabulosa JM, Caci H, Natale V. A reduced temperament and character inventory (TCI-56). Psychometric properties in a non-clinical sample. Pers Individ Dif 2009; 46(7): 687-92.
- Spence SH, Sheffield J, Donovan C. Problem-solving orientation and attributional style: Moderators of the impact of negative life events on the development of depressive symptoms in adolescence? J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2002; 31(2): 219-29.
- Gellis ZD, Kenaley B. Problem-solving therapy for depression in adults: A systematic review. Res Soc Work Pract 2008; 18(2): 117-31.
- Parker JDA, Taylor RN, Eastabrook JM, Schell SL, Wood LM. Problem gambling in adolescence: Relationships with internet misuse, gaming abuse and emotional intelligence. Pers Individ Dif 2008; 45(2): 174-80.
- Jean E, Lachance L. Interrole conflicts and psychological distress in male managers and professionals: The mediator effect of social problem solving. Int J Manag Bus 2015; 10(3): 15-25.
- Koolhaas W, Groothoff JW, de Boer MR, van der Klink JJ, Brouwer S. Effectiveness of a problem-solving based intervention to prolong the working life of ageing workers. BMC Public Health 2015; 15: 76.
- Williams GE, Daros AR, Graves B, McMain SF, Links PS, Ruocco AC. Executive functions and social cognition in highly lethal self-injuring patients with borderline personality disorder. Personal Disord 2015; 6(2): 107-16.
- Kaviani H, Poor Naseh M. Validation of temperament and character inventory (TCI) in iranian sample: Normative data. Tehran Univ Med J 2005; 63(2): 89-98. [In Persian].
- Edalati Shateri Z, Ashkani N, Modares Gharavi M. Investigation of the association between worry, problem solving styles, and suicidal thoughts (without depression) in non-clinical population. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci 2009; 14(1): 92-100. [In Persian].
- Kimayee SA, Aqba'i M, Nafian Dehkordi M, Yazdanfar F. Comparison of physical and mental characteristics of people with substance abuse disorder and normal people. Summary of the articles of the 7th Congress of Addiction Science; 2013 Sep. 13-15; Tehran, Iran. [In Persian].
- Pournaghash-Tehrani S, Hassantash M. Emotional styles of drug addicts in methadone maintenance programs: Evaluation and comparison. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2011; 15: 203-9.
- Mirmehdi SR, Moradi P. Comparison of problem solving styles and thinking styles in addicted and normal people. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Psychology and Behavioral Sciences; 2016 Feb. 19; Tehran, Iran. [In Persian].
- Yavari Y, Arefi M. Comparison of problem-solving styles among non-addict and addicted young adults (20-35 years) in Isfahan, 2012. Indian J Sci Res 2014; 7(1): 732-5.
- Habibi R, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Shabany Hamedan M, Saleh Moqadam A. The effects of family-centered problem-solving education on relapse rate, self-efficacy and self-esteem among substance abusers. Int J High Risk Behav Addict 2016; 5(1): e24421.