Kerman University of Medical Sciences

Document Type : Original Article(s)


1 ‎Associate Professor, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran‎

2 ‎PhD Student, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Queensland, ‎Brisbane, Australia

3 ‎Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran‎

4 Assistant Professor, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

5 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, School of Criminal Justice and ‎Sociology, Cameron University, Oklahama, USA‎



Zarghami M. Iranian common attitude toward opium consumption. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2015; 9(2): e2074.

MOKRI A. Brief overview of the status of drug abuse in Iran. Arch Iran Med 2002; 5(3): 184-90.

Joolaee S, Fereidooni Z, Seyed Fatemi N, Meshkibaf MH, Mirlashari J. Exploring needs and expectations of spouses of addicted men in Iran: a qualitative study. Glob J Health Sci 2014; 6(5): 132-41.

Mohammad Khani P, Asgari A, Frouzan SA, Moumeni F, Delavar B. The expression of psychiatric symptoms among women with addicted husbands. Dev Psychol 2010; 6(23): 237-45.

Graham AV, Berolzheimer N, Burge S. Alcohol abuse. A family disease. Prim Care 1993; 20(1): 121-30.

Uhle SM. Codependence: contextual variables in the language of social pathology. Issues Ment Health Nurs 1994; 15(3): 307-17.

O'Brien PE, Gaborit M. Codependency: a disorder separate from chemical dependency. J Clin Psychol 1992; 48(1): 129-36.

Kenny ME, Donaldson GA. Contributions of parental attachment and family structure to the social and psychological functioning of first-year college students. J Couns Psychol 1991; 34(4): 479-86.

Wegscheider-Cruse S. Choice-making: for co-dependents, adult children, and spirituality seekers. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications; 1985.

Schaef AW. Co-Dependence: misunderstood-mistreated. New York, NY: HarperCollins; 1992.

Cermak TL. Diagnostic criteria for codependency. J Psychoactive Drugs 1986; 18(1): 15-20.

Wright PH, Wright KD. Codependency: Addictive love, adjustive relating, or both? Contemp Fam Ther 1991; 13(5): 435-54.

Gotham HJ, Sher KJ. Do codependent traits involve more than basic dimensions of personality and psychopathology? J Stud Alcohol 1996; 57(1): 34-9.

Wells M, Glickauf-Hughes C, Brass K. The Relationship of Co-Dependency to Enduring Personality Characteristics. J College Stud Psychother 1998; 12(3): 25-38.

Martsolf DS. Codependency, boundaries, and professional nurse caring: understanding similarities and differences in nursing practice. Orthopaedic Nursing: 2002; 21(6): 61-7.

Asher R, Brissett D. Codependency: a view from women married to alcoholics. Int J Addict 1988; 23(4): 331-50.

Anderson SC. A critical analysis of the concept of codependency. Soc Work 1994; 39(6): 677-85.

Miller KJ. The co-dependency concept: does it offer a solution for the spouses of alcoholics? J Subst Abuse Treat 1994; 11(4): 339-45.

Hands M, Dear G. Co-dependency: a critical review. Drug Alcohol Rev 1994; 13(4): 437-45.

Barenbaum NB, Winter DG. Personality. In: Freedheim DK, Weiner IB, Editors. Handbook of psychology, history of psychology. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons; 2003.

Goldberg LR. The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychol Assessment 1992; 4(1): 26-42.

Caspi A, Roberts BW, Shiner RL. Personality development: stability and change. Annu Rev Psychol 2005; 56: 453-84.

Costa PT Jr, McCrae RR. Domains and facets: hierarchical personality assessment using the revised NEO personality inventory. J Pers Assess 1995; 64(1): 21-50.

Costa PT, McCrae RR. Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO Personality Inventory. Psychol Assessment 1992; 4(1): 5-13.

Gunthert KC, Cohen LH, Armeli S. The role of neuroticism in daily stress and coping. J Pers Soc Psychol 1999; 77(5): 1087-100.

Engelhard Iris M, van den Hout Marcel A, Kindt M. The relationship between neuroticism, pre-traumatic stress, and post-traumatic stress: a prospective study. Pers Indiv Differ 2003; 35(2): 381-8.

Bolger N, Zuckerman A. A framework for studying personality in the stress process. J Pers Soc Psychol 1995; 69(5): 890-902.

Schneider Tamera R. The role of neuroticism on psychological and physiological stress responses. J Exp Soc Psychol 2004; 40(6): 795-804.

Fischer JL, Spann L. Measuring codependency. Alcohol Treat Q 1991; 8(1): 87-100.

Allison S. Nurse codependency: instrument development and validation. J Nurs Meas 2004; 12(1): 63-75.

Hughes-Hammer C, Martsolf DS, Zeller RA. Development and testing of the codependency assessment tool. Arch Psychiatr Nurs 1998; 12(5): 264-72.

Grubisic-Ilic M, Ljubin T, Kozaric-Kovacic D. Personality dimensions and psychiatric treatment of alcoholics' wives. Croat Med J 1998; 39(1): 49-53.

Okazaki N, Fujita S, Suzuki K, Niimi Y, Mizutani Y, Kohno H. Comparative study of health problems between wives of alcoholics and control wives. Arukoru Kenkyuto Yakubutsu Ison 1994; 29(1): 23-30.

Avila-Escribano JJ, Ledesma Jimeno A. Personality study of wives of alcoholic patients. Actas Luso-Espanolas de Neurologia, Psiquiatria y Ciencias Afines 1990; 18(6): 355-63. [In Spanish].

Flory K, Lynam D, Milich R, Leukefeld C, Clayton R. The relations among personality, symptoms of alcohol and marijuana abuse, and symptoms of comorbid psychopathology: results from a community sample. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2002; 10(4): 425-34.

Malouff JM, Thorsteinsson EB, Rooke SE, Schutte NS. Alcohol involvement and the Five-Factor model of personality: a meta-analysis. J Drug Educ 2007; 37(3): 277-94.

Karney BR, Bradbury TN. The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: a review of theory, method, and research. Psychol Bull 1995; 118(1): 3-34.

Bakker AB, Van der Zee KI, Lewig KA, Dollard MF. The relationship between the Big Five personality factors and burnout: a study among volunteer counselors. J Soc Psychol 2006; 146(1): 31-50.

Jensen-Campbell LA, Graziano WG. Agreeableness as a moderator of interpersonal conflict. J Pers 2001; 69(2): 323-61.

Roehling PV, Gaumond E. Reliability and validity of the codependent questionnaire. Alcohol Treat Q 1996; 14(1): 85-95.

Kennedy DK, Hughes BM. The optimism-neuroticism question: an evaluation based on cardiovascular reactivity in female college students. Psychol Rec 2004; 54(3): 373.

Santed MA, Sandin B, Chorot P, Olmedo M, Garcia-Campay J. The role of negative and positive affectivity on perceived stress subjective health relationships. Acta Neuropsychiatr 2003; 15(4): 199-216.

Vollrath M. Personality and hassles among university students: a three-year longitudinal study. Eur J Pers 2000; 14(3): 199-216.

Besharat MA. Personality and coping styles. Journal of Psychology 2007; 2(7): 25-49. [In Persian].

Spector PE, Zapf D, Chen PY, Frese M. Why negative affectivity should not be controlled in job stress research: don't throw out the baby with the bath water. J Organ Behav 2000; 21(1): 79-95.

John OP, Srivastava S. The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In: Pervin LA, John OP, Editors. Handbook of personality: Theory and research. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 1999.

Watson D, Hubbard B. Adaptational style and dispositional structure: coping in the context of the five-factor model. J Pers 1996; 64(4): 737-74.

O'Brien TB, DeLongis A. The interactional context of problem-, emotion-, and relationship-focused coping: the role of the big five personality factors. J Pers 1996; 64(4): 775-813.

Graziano WG, Tobin RM. Agreeableness: dimension of personality or social desirability artifact? J Pers 2002; 70(5): 695-727.