Kerman University of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Original Article(s)

Authors

1 PhD Student, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student, Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical ‎Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Psychologist, Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

5 ‎Research Center for Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

6 Immunologist, Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The long time use of opium has some effects on serums biochemical factors, the determination of this variation is a new approach in understanding off addiction and relive of drug abuser health. Hence in this study, these indicators in person who were withdrawing of opium have been studied. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study bloods biochemical factors such as fasting blood sugar (FBS), sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), uric acid (UA), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, cholesterol, triglyceride, total protein, and fibrinogen in three groups serum were studied: (1) Who had been permanent opium users more than 2 years (case). (2) Dependent person who has taken one month addiction withdrawal course (control). (3) A healthy group that had been demographically similar to the other groups. Results: According to these study findings, FBS serum level in the case group is lower than control group. Serum level of Na, creatinine, and blood triglyceride (TG) in case study are higher than group control. Concentration of potassium, Ca, UA, BUN, cholesterol, total serum protein, fibrinogen, and thrombin time in case study and group control showed no significant difference. Also, in withdrawing case serum level of Na, Ca, UA, BUN, creatinine, and TG significantly increase and thrombin time decrease. Conclusion: According to this study not only the longtime use of opium but also opium with drawerin opium dependent people can change their serum biochemical factors. So recognition, treatment, and prevention of this change could be a new step in improving of health and condition of patients.

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