Kerman University of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Original Article(s)

Authors

1 PhD Student, Department of Pharmacology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran and Instructor, Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

3 Senior Researcher, Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

4 Student of Pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

5 Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

6 Psychiatrist, Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Addiction is one of the complicated problems in Iranian young population. The social and cultural dimensions of this social disease are less considered. So considering socio-cultural and environmental resources, this study investigated the substructures of addiction according to the viewpoints of high-school students of Kerman in 2007-2008.Methods: This qualitative study accomplished in ten high schools through a one-day problem finding workshop and continued until data saturation. The resulted terms and phrases were analyzed by content analysis. To assure about the validity and reliability, the outputs reviewed by workshops participants, and classification and codification of the data were executed separately by two experts.Findings: A total of 212 students, (45.3% girls and 54.7% boys) participated in the study. The students introduced the followings as the addiction substantial fundaments: lack of knowledge, positive attitude and interpretation of addiction as a value, family or friends' habit, economy status, psycho-personality problems and availability. Rules infirmity or non-implementation of the current rules enforcement, geographical status and addiction as a conspiracy were also observed in students’ statements.Conclusion: The positive attitudes and historical roots of addiction along with the process of changing the values caused the growth of drug addiction in young population which could neutralize the security measures, legislations policy and even