Kerman University of Medical Sciences
251. Predictors of Transition in Different Stages of Smoking: A Longitudinal Study

Asghar Mohammadpoorasl; Ali Fakhari; Fatemeh Rostami; Mansour Shamsipour; Hamideh Rashidian; Mohammad Ali Goreishizadeh

Volume 2, 1-2 , Winter 2010

Abstract
  AbstractBackground: We investigated longitudinally the prevalence of smoking according to three stages of smoking (never smoking, experimenting the smoking, and regular smoking), the rates of transition from one stage to another one, and determinant predictors of transition through these stages of smoking.Methods: ...  Read More

252. Tobacco Quit Rates among Youth in an Urban Health Centre of Mumbai: A Cross Sectional Study

Saurabh Ram BihariLal Shrivastava; Prateek Sudhakar Bobhate

Volume 2, 3-4 , Spring 2010

Abstract
  Background: Tobacco use is a major cause of preventable death and disease in India. A nationally representative case-control study of smoking in India (2008) revealed that only 2% of smokers had spontaneously quit. This study was undertaken to assess tobacco quit rates among the youth in an urban health ...  Read More

253. Methadone Treatment in Iranian Opiate Addicts: A Preliminary Report

Mahin Eslami Shahrbabaki; Hassan Ziaaddini; Ali Akbar Hagh Doost; Mahdi Ghasemi; Parvin Eslami Shahrbabaki; Roghayeh Alizadeh Nouri; Nasrin Eslami Shahrbabaki

Volume 3, 1-2 , Winter 2011

Abstract
  Background: This study aimed to investigate the initial dosage of methadone and factors affecting it in maintenance therapy.Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 157 individuals referring to a methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) clinic. The initial dosage of methadone ...  Read More

254. The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Pain in Male Cigarette Smoking Students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Soraya Pirouzi; Ali Ghanbari; Farzaneh Moslemi Haghighi; Farahnaz Ghafarinejad; Fatemeh Pouya; Tahereh Motiallah

Volume 3, 3-4 , Winter 2011, , Pages 125-129

Abstract
  Background: The rising trend of smoking cigarettes, especially among the youth, has become a great concern in Iranian society. Not only does smoking cigarettes harm one financially, but also it will cause immense damage to the smoker as well as the society. This paper investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal ...  Read More

255. Studying Prevalence and Pattern of Taking Narcotic and Ecstasy Drugs by Patients Admitted to Special Care Centers of Shahid Bahonar Hospital, Kerman, Iran

Mehdi Ahmadi Nejad; Fatemeh Jadidi; Mahmoud Reza Dehghani; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 4, 1-2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 57-64

Abstract
  Background: Addiction is the repeated use of a chemical substance which affects the biological function of the brain and endangers physical health of the addicted person. Prevalence and pattern of taking drugs were assessed in the current study in a Special Cares Trauma Center. So the specialized physician ...  Read More

256. Efficacy of Integrating Stress Coping Skills Training with Detoxification on Social Adjustment of Addicted Women

Mehdi Dehestani; Morteza Tarkhan; Maryam Abbasi; Zahra Sadat Aghili

Volume 4, 3-4 , Autumn 2012, , Pages 127-132

Abstract
  Background: Addiction as a biopsychosocial problem has been dramatically increased in our country. Adverse consequences of the addiction in women have been shown to be more than men, which in turn can affect family members’ health and wellbeing. The current study examined the efficacy of stress coping ...  Read More

257. Frequency of Smoking and Specialized Awareness among Doctors and Nurses of Hospitals in Kerman, Iran

Hakimeh Hoseainrezaee; Sedigheh Khodabandeh; Ali Kheradmand; Motahareh Pilehvarzadeh

Volume 5, 1-2 , Winter 2013, , Pages 51-56

Abstract
  Background: Nicotine is one of the strongest poisons. Every year about 75 thousand of Iranians die due to smoking. Since doctors and nurses have a major role in controlling smoking, this study tried to investigate the prevalence of cigarette smoking among doctors and nurses and their awareness about ...  Read More

258. Reviewing the Association between the History of Parental Substance Abuse and the Rate of Child Abuse

Mahmoud Yaghoubi-Doust

Volume 5, 3-4 , Summer 2013, , Pages 126-133

Abstract
  Background: Substance abuse is a social, and health problem in Middle Eastern countries such as Iran. One of its most devastating effects is domestic violence against children. This study examined the association between the history of parental substance abuse, and rate of child abuse in Ahvaz, Iran. ...  Read More

259. Single and Repeated Ultra–Rapid Detoxification Prevents Cognitive Impairment in Morphine Addicted Rats: A Privilege for Single Detoxification

Leila Ghamati; Vahid Hajali; Vahid Sheibani; Khadije Esmaeilpour; Gholamreza Sepehri; Mojtaba Shojaee

Volume 6, 1-2 , Winter 2014, , Pages 54-64

Abstract
  Background: Opioids have been shown to affect learning and memory processes. Different protocols of morphine withdrawal can substantially vary in their success to prevent opioid induced impairments of cognitive performance. In the present study, we report the effects of single and repetitive ultra-rapid ...  Read More

260. Changes in Serum Biochemical Factors Associated with Opium Addiction ‎after Addiction Desertion

Mohammad Reza Afarinesh; Tahereh Haghpanah ‎; Kouros Divsalar ‎; Elham Dehyadegary ‎; Azar Shaikh-Aleslami ‎; Majid Mahmoodi ‎

Volume 6, 3-4 , Summer 2014, , Pages 138-145

Abstract
  Introduction: The long time use of opium has some effects on serums biochemical factors, the determination of this variation is a new approach in understanding off addiction and relive of drug abuser health. Hence in this study, these indicators in person who were withdrawing of opium have been studied. ...  Read More

261. Post-operative Analgesia in Opioid Dependent Patients: Comparison of ‎Intravenous Morphine and Sublingual Buprenorphine

Shaabanali Alizadeh; Ghafar‏ ‏Ali Mahmoudi; Hassan Solhi; Bahman Sadeghi-Sedeh; Reza Behzadi; Amir Mohammad Kazemifar

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, , Pages 60-65

Abstract
  Background: Acute and chronic pain is prevalent in patients with opioid dependence. Lack of knowledge concerning the complex relationship between pain, opioid use, and withdrawal syndrome can account for the barriers encountered for pain management. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of ...  Read More

262. Client-Level Coverage of Needle and Syringe Program and High-Risk ‎Injection Behaviors: A Case Study of People Who Inject Drugs in ‎Kermanshah, Iran

Mehdi Noroozi; Ali Mirzazadeh; Alireza Noroozi; Yadoallah Mehrabi; Ahmad Hajebi; Saman Zamani; Hamid Sharifi; Peter Higgs; Hamid Soori

Volume 7, 3-4 , Summer 2015, , Pages 164-173

Abstract
  Background: Needle-syringe programs (NSP) have been running in Iran since 2002. However, the coverage of such program among the NSP clients at the individual level was not studies yet. This study aimed to determine the client coverage of NSP and its correlation with high injection-related risk behaviors. ...  Read More

263. Transition from First Drug Use to Regular Injection among People Who Inject Drugs in Iran

Masoomeh Koozegar; Armita Shahesmaeili; Mehdi Noroozi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 32-40

Abstract
  Background: The study aimed to evaluate the interval between first drug use and regular injection and factors associated with transition from first injection into premature regular injection among people who inject drugs (PWIDs).Methods: In a multicenter cross-sectional study, we recruited 400 PWIDs ...  Read More

265. B12 and Folate Concentrations in Opium Addicts Compared to Healthy Subjects: A Case Control Study from Kerman Coronary Artery Disease Risk Study

Ahmad Gholamhossenian; Beydolah Shahouzehi; Mostafa Shokoohi; Hamid Najafipour

Volume 10, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, , Pages 198-204

Abstract
  Background: Opium addiction is a global problem which has implicated many societies. Opium addiction and drug abuse is related to harmful consequences which affect life style, biochemical factors, and vitamins values, and also is considered as a risk for heart diseases. Folate and B12 levels are related ...  Read More

266. Comparison of Buprenorphine and Buprenorphine/naloxone in Detoxification of Opioid-dependent Men

Hassan Ziaaddini; Shima Heshmati; Maryam Chegeni; Mahboobeh Mousavi-Ramezanzade; Shahrzad Mazhari

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 269-275

Abstract
  Background: Buprenorphine sublingual tablets are now available in Iran for opioid detoxification in clinics. Aim of the present study was to compare the efficiency of buprenorphine with buprenorphine/naloxone in short-term detoxification in a group of Iranian male opioid-dependent patients. Methods:A ...  Read More

268. A Review of Alcohol-Related Harms: A Recent Update

Abedin Iranpour; Nouzar Nakhaee; Masoud Moghadari; Haleh Tajeddini

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, , Pages 129-137

Abstract
  In the early decades of the 20th century, discussions regarding alcohol were dominantly directed toward itstherapeutic uses, but authorities now state that any level of alcohol consumption poses negative effects onhealth. Over recent months, increased attention has been devoted to disease burdens attributable ...  Read More

269. Occurrence of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy after Synthetic Cannabinoid Consumption

Denelle Mohammed

Volume 11, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 202-206

Abstract
  Background: Synthetic cannabinoid use such as “K2” and “Spice” is popular secondary to its inability to be detected in a urine drug screen. It is associated with a wide range of myocardial pathologies including obstructive and non-obstructive coronary disease such as Takotsubo ...  Read More

270. Correlation among the Behavioral Features in the Offspring of Morphine-Abstinent Rats

Hamid Ahmadian-Moghadam; Ardeshir Akbarabadi; Heidar Toolee; Mitra Sadat Sadat-Shirazi; Solmaz Khalifeh; Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast; Saba Niknamfar

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, , Pages 262-275

Abstract
  Background: Critical analysis of new evidence in medical sciences relies on statistics in terms of correlation.The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation coefficients among the behavioral features in theoffspring of morphine-abstinent parent(s).Methods: The offspring of various types ...  Read More

271. Impact of Mobile Phone-Based Interventions on Methamphetamine Use and High-risk Sexual Behaviors in Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): A Systematic Review

Arefeh Ameri; Sareh Keshvardoost; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy

Volume 12, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 58-68

Abstract
  Background: Today, increased use of methamphetamine in homosexual men is associated with high-risk sexualbehaviors and (HIV) epidemic. Mobile phone-based interventions are an accessible and rapid method toprovide healthcare services to this population. This study aimed to systematically review the effects ...  Read More

272. Reporting a Case of Injecting Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Tablets, Intensified Symptoms of Schizoph-renia or Induce Separate Mental Disorder

Alireza Ghaffarinejad; Ali Kheradmand

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Autumn 2009

Abstract
  Abstract Background: Methylphenidate is one of the classic amphetamines which can cause or exacerbate psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia patients. Methods: In this paper, a young man is presented with injection of methylphenidate tablets with acute cellulitis due to this injection and the related ...  Read More

273. A Comparison between APGAR Scores and Birth Weight in Infants of Addicted and Non-Addicted Mothers

Esmat Rahi; Mohammad Reza Baneshi; Ehsan Mirkamandar; Saiedeh Haji Maghsoudi; Azam Rastegari

Volume 3, 1-2 , Winter 2011

Abstract
  Background: Addiction in pregnant women causes complications such as abortion, asphyxia and cerebral and physical problems. APGAR score assesses vital signs and birth weight and represents the physical and brain growth of newborns. In this study, the effects of opium addiction in mothers on birth weight ...  Read More

274. The Correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Instable Personality in Substance Abusers

Fatemeh Haj Hosseini; Ali Mehdizadeh Zare Anari

Volume 3, 3-4 , Winter 2011, , Pages 130-136

Abstract
  Background: Substance dependence has recently turned into one of the most important social problems. Clinical findings have shown personality traits, social relations, attitudes and values, along with emotional intelligence factors such as emotions, feelings, emotions management, challenging with problems, ...  Read More

275. The Relationship of Metacognitive Beliefs and Tendency to Addiction in Sistan and Baluchistan University, Zahedan, Iran

Ali Bahramnejad; Marjan Rabani Bavojdan; Mozhgan Rabani Bavojdan

Volume 4, 1-2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 65-72

Abstract
  Background: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between metacognitive beliefs and the tendency to addiction in the students of the University of Sistan and Baluchistan, located in the –South-East of Iran, during the academic year of 2009-2010. Methods: This was a descriptive, correlational ...  Read More