Kerman University of Medical Sciences
226. The Role of Self-esteem in Tendency towards Drugs, Theft and Prostitution

Hamid Reza Alavi

Volume 3, 3-4 , Winter 2011, , Pages 119-124

  Background: Addiction, theft and Prostitution are of the most important problems of contemporary society. On the other hand, self-esteem is one of the most important variables and concepts that might have a meaningful influence on these problems. This study aims to investigate the role of self-esteem ...  Read More

227. The Mediating Role of Metacognition in the Relationship between Internet Addiction and General Health

Fatemeh Bidi; Mahdi Namdari Pejman; Hossein Kareshki; Hadi Ahmadnia

Volume 4, 1-2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 49-56

  Background: Internet addiction is one of the harmful effects of the Internet. The findings of several studies have indicated a relationship between general health and Internet addiction. Metacognition, which includes the knowledge, processes, and strategies to evaluate, and monitor or control the cognition, ...  Read More

228. Smoking Pattern in Family Members of Smokers in Slums of Surat City, Western India

Vaibhav Gharat; Sunil Nayak; Rajkumar Bansal

Volume 4, 3-4 , Autumn 2012, , Pages 122-126

  Background: The relationship between becoming a smoker and having smoker parents, siblings, and relatives is still uncovered in India. The influences of a smoking role model in a family on smoking habits of individuals are yet to be revealed. This study aimed to understand the relationship of smoking ...  Read More

229. A Study of the Correlation between Computer Games and Adolescent Behavioral Problems

Solmaz Shokouhi Moqhaddam; Noshiravan Khezri Moghadam; Zeinab Javanmard; Hassan Sarmadi Ansar; Mehran Aminaee; Majid Shokouhi Moqhaddam; Mahmoud Zivari Rahman

Volume 5, 1-2 , Winter 2013, , Pages 43-50

  Background: Today, due to developing communicative technologies, computer games and other audio-visual media as social phenomena, are very attractive and have a great effect on children and adolescents. The increasing popularity of these games among children and adolescents results in the public uncertainties ...  Read More

230. Psychopathological Dimensions in Substance Abusers with and without HIV/AIDS and Healthy Matched Group

Sajjad Rezaei; Sonbol Taramian; Seyed Mousa Kafie

Volume 5, 3-4 , Summer 2013, , Pages 115-125

  Background: Inattention to symptoms of mental disorders and substance abuse in patients with HIV/AIDS and other at-risk groups, may lead to irreversible damages. The purpose of this study was to compare the psychopathological dimensions in substance abusers with and without HIV/AIDS and healthy matched ...  Read More

231. The Relationship between Perfectionism and Coping Strategies in Drug-dependent Men

Nahid Kaviani; Kourosh Mohammadi; Eghbal Zarei

Volume 6, 1-2 , Winter 2014, , Pages 45-53

  Background: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between perfectionism and coping strategies in drug-dependent men. This study is a descriptive correlational study. Methods: The statistical population of this study consisted of all drug-dependent men (n = 6237) in years 2010-2011, who ...  Read More

232. One Decade “Narcotic Addicted Patients with Deep Vein Thrombosis” in St. ‎Alzahra Hospital of Isfahan, Iran

Morteza Abdar Esfahani; Fatemeh Sayehmiri ‏

Volume 6, 3-4 , Summer 2014, , Pages 127-137

  Background: Behavior and substance addiction is one of the risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The aim of this study investigating the relationship between the different clinical manifestations pattern of DVT with the way, the amount and duration of narcotic drugs in patients admitted to St. ...  Read More

233. Fasting Blood Glucose and Insulin Level in Opium Addict versus Non-Addict Individuals

Mohammad Hossein Gozashti; Farzaneh Yazdi; Pouria Salajegheh; Mohammad Moein Dehesh; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, , Pages 54-59

  Background: Many of lay person believe that opium lowers blood glucose. However some studies show the opposite results. In this study, we tried to evaluate the effect of opium on blood glucose and insulin resistance. Methods: This comparative study including 53 addicts in case groups who used opium just ...  Read More

234. The Value of Perfectionism in Predicting Coping Strategies in Drug-User Women

Ali Bahramnejad; Marjan Rabani-Bavojdan; Mozhgan Rabani-Bavojdan; Nahid Kaviani

Volume 7, 3-4 , Summer 2015, , Pages 157-163

  Background: Positive perfectionism helps the individual to experience fewer worries and less anxiety. The aim of the present study was to assess the value of coping strategies to predict perfectionism in drug-user women. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 361 consecutive drug-user women ...  Read More

235. Relapse and Risk-taking among Iranian Methamphetamine Abusers ‎Undergoing Matrix Treatment Model

Parvaneh Taymoori; Tahereh Pashaei

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter 2016, , Pages 49-60

  Background: This study investigated the correlation between risk-taking and relapse among methamphetamine (MA) abusers undergoing the Matrix Model of treatment. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on male patients who were stimulant drug abusers undergoing the matrix treatment in the National ...  Read More

236. Effects of Maternal Separation on Nicotine-Induced Conditioned Place Preference and Later Spatial Learning and Memory Function in Adolescent Male Rats

Fatemeh Delavari; Vahid Sheibani; Khadijeh Esmaeilpour; Saeid Esmaeili-Mahani; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 8, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 261-269

  Background: Disturbances in maternal care have been associated with increased risk for drug abuse later in life. However, there has been little investigation of the effects of maternal separation (MS), a model of early life stress, on nicotine dependence, specifically during adolescence. In the present ...  Read More

237. Content Analysis of the Concept of Addiction in High School Textbooks of Iran

Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi; Sayedeh Zainab Mousavi; Omid Massah; Ali Farhoudian

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Spring 2017, , Pages 48-58

  Background: This research sought to determine how well the causes of addiction, addiction harms, and prevention of addiction have been noticed in high school textbooks.Methods: We used descriptive method to select the main related components of the addiction concept and content analysis method for analyzing ...  Read More

238. Intervention of the Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type B Receptors of the Amygdala Central Nucleus on the Sensitivity of the Morphine-Induced Conditionally Preferred Location in Wistar Female Rats

Firoozeh Alavian; Saeedeh Ghiasvand; Hedayat Sahraei; Maryam Rafiei-Rad

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer 2017, , Pages 110-117

  Background: The amygdala is one of the nerve centers involved in drug reward. It is suggested that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in morphine dependency. The CeA gamma-aminobutyric acid-ergic (GABAergic) system is a mediator of morphine rewarding effects. In this research, the ...  Read More

239. The Effectiveness of the Harm Reduction Group Therapy Based on Bandura's Self-Efficacy Theory on Risky Behaviors of Drug-Dependent Sex Worker Women

Marjan Rabani-Bavojdan; Mozhgan Rabani-Bavojdan; Ghodratollah Rajabizadeh; Nahid Kaviani; Ali Bahramnejad; Zohreh Ghaffari; Mehdi Shafiei-Bafti

Volume 9, Issue 3 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 175-182

  Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the harm reduction group therapy based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory on risky behaviors of sex workers in Kerman, Iran.Methods: A quasi-experimental two-group design (a random selection with pre-test and post-test) was used. ...  Read More

240. Development of Risk-Taking Tendency Tool for High School Students

Ali Bahramnejad; Abedin Iranpour; Mashallah Karbakhsh; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 237-242

  Background: Adolescence is the age of increased sensation-seeking and risk-taking. To prevent such behaviors, the adolescent tendency to engage in high-risk behaviors must be measureable. This study aimed to develop a questionnaire about risk-taking tendencies among Iranian students.Methods: This study ...  Read More

241. Temperamental Characteristics and Problem-Solving Skills among Patients on Opioid Agonists

Shahin Eslami-Saaraab; Heidar Eslami-Shahrbabaki; Mahin Eslami-Shahrbabaki; Shirin Motaghyan

Volume 10, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 24-31

  Background: The study of temperament and problem-solving styles in people with substance abuse is important in promoting the functions of prevention and treatment of this social problem. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the nature and problem-solving skills of methadone treated patients ...  Read More

243. The Effect of Chronic Ethanol Consumption on Sexual Motivation and Behavior of Adult Male Wistar Rats in the Copulatory Phase

Maryam Sadeghzadeh; Alireza Shirpoor; Naser Khalaji; Roya Naderi; Mahrokh Samadi; Yousef Rasmi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, , Pages 190-197

  Background: The interaction of ethanol consumption and sexual behavior has been evaluated over the past three decades; however, some studies have assessed how ethanol consumption affects the general behavioral aspects of the copulatory cycle patterns in male rats. The aim of this study was to investigate ...  Read More

244. Analysis of Mortality Rate of Illicit Substance Abuse and its Trend in Five Years in Iran, 2014-2018

Fatemeh Shahbazi; Davood Mirtorabi; Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh; Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 260-268

  Background: Addiction and drug misuse is an illness that affects every community in every country. Based on the previous research in many parts of the world, illicit drug use is considered as a well-known risk factor for morbidity, disability, and premature mortality. Although this issue is a hot topic ...  Read More

245. Comparing the Effects of Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Opium Tincture Maintenance Therapy on Sexual Function

Ali Kheradmand; Ahad Fazeli; Azadeh Mazaheri-Meybodi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, , Pages 120-128

  Background: Opioid use disorder is a major concern to public health, and opioid maintenance treatment onmethadone or buprenorphine is a widely used approach. On the other hand, in recent years, there has beenmore regards for the use of opium tincture for detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioiddependence ...  Read More

246. Alcohol Abuse, Consequences and Treatments from the Perspective of Traditional Iranian Medicine: A Review Study

Masoud Moghadari; Haleh Tajeddini; Mohammad Setayesh; Mohadese Kamali

Volume 11, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 192-201

  Background: Alcohol use has always been prevalent in human societies, but in many Muslim-majority countries, including Iran, national laws prohibit the consumption of this substance. Methods: In this study, reference books on traditional Iranian medicine and electronic documents from Google Scholar, ...  Read More

247. Deterrent Action of Acamprosate: A Case Report

MAMIDIPALLI SAI SPOORTHY; Sanghamitra Godi; Lokesh Kumar Singh

Volume 11, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, , Pages 276-280

  Background: Among the three pharmacological agents available for alcohol de-addiction, acamprosate and naltrexone are considered anti-craving agents. Among these two, acamprosate is better tolerated, has low abuse potential, and is safe in overdose. But the mechanism of action of acamprosate still remains ...  Read More

248. Consequences of Opioid Abuse and their Treatments in Persian Medicine: A Review Study

Mohadese Kamali; Haleh Tajadini; Mehrzad Mehrabani; Masoud Moghadari

Volume 12, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 46-57

  Background: Drug addiction is a major health problem for modern human communities. The earliest historicalevidence of opium use can be found in the writings of Theophrastus in the 3rd century BC. Since then, opiumuse and abuse has spread to all corners of the world, specifically the Eastern countries. ...  Read More

249. Exploit the Developed Countries Experiences of Primary School Education to Prevent Drug Addiction and Implications for Iran

Ali Kheradmand; Eshrat Zamani; Nassim Hedayati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Autumn 2009

  Abstract Backgrounds: The purpose of this study was to evaluate various educations in primary schools to prevent drug addiction. Methods: In this qualitative study, data included the experiences of those who been students in the developed countries for some years as well as their parents. The ...  Read More

250. Lead Serum Levels in Opium-Dependent Individuals

Mohammad Mehdi Hayatbakhsh Abbasi; Mehdi Ansari; Armita Shahesmaeili; Ali Qaraie

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Autumn 2009

  Abstract Backgrond: Drug abuse, especially opium abuse, is a major public health problem in Iran. Recent reports suggest that opium sellers cheat their customers by adding lead to the opium. Contaminated opium can threaten the health of consumers. The present study aimed to compare the serum ...  Read More