Kerman University of Medical Sciences
1. Effects of Opium Smoking Cessation on the Nasopharyngeal Microbial Flora

Ali Golshiri; Mohammad Reza Mokhtaree; Ziba Shabani; Sayed Taghi Tabatabaee; Amir Rahnama; Mohammad Moradi; Ahamad Reza Sayadi; Hadi Faezi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Autumn 2009

Abstract
  Abstract Background: To determine the effect of opium smoking cessation on the frequency and type of microorganisms in the nasopharynx of opium smokers. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study performed in psychology and ENT department of Moradi Hospital of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences ...  Read More

2. Rare Variant of Lycanthropy and Ecstasy

Mansoureh Nasirian; Nabi Banazadeh; Ali Kheradmand

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Autumn 2009

Abstract
  Abstract Background: Lycanthropy is an unusual belief or delusion in which the patient thinks that he/she has been transformed into an animal. In rare cases, the patient believes that another person has been transformed into an animal. Case Report: We report a patient with an uncommon variant ...  Read More

3. Comparing Symptoms of Withdrawal, Rapid Detoxi-fication and Detoxification with Clonidine in Drug Dependent Patients

Hassan Ziaaddini; Abbas Qahestani; Maryam Moin Vaziri

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Autumn 2009

Abstract
  Abstract Background: Considering the fear of drug addicts from hangover symptoms and the costs of withdrawal treatment and their importance in deciding to withdraw, it is helpful to identify various ways of withdrawal and their effects. This study investigated the withdrawal symptoms of two methods ...  Read More

4. Religious Attitude Associated with General Health and Smoking in Iranian Students

Kouros Divsalar; Samira Nejadnaderi; Nowzar Nakhaee; Saed Rouhani

Volume 2, 1-2 , Winter 2010

Abstract
  Abstract Background: Given the university students’ model role in the society and the importance of period of university education in selecting behavioral methods and lifestyles in the future have made it necessary to study the smoking pattern and its associated factors and complications ...  Read More

5. Comparing the Social Skills of Students Addicted to Computer Games with Normal Students

Eshrat Zamani; Ali Kheradmand; Maliheh Cheshmi; Ahmad Abedi; Nasim Hedayati

Volume 2, 3-4 , Spring 2010

Abstract
  Background: This study aimed to investigate and compare the social skills of students addicted to computer games with normal students. The dependent variable in the present study is the social skills. Methods: The study population included all the students in the second grade of public secondary school ...  Read More

6. The Study of Substructures of Addiction Phenomena in High School Students Using Problem Finding Workshops

Manzumeh Shamsi Meymandi; Hossein Safizadeh; Kouros Divsalar; Ramin Rastegariyanzadeh; Gioia Heravi; Majid Mahmoodi; Ali Kheradmand

Volume 3, 1-2 , Winter 2011

Abstract
  Background: Addiction is one of the complicated problems in Iranian young population. The social and cultural dimensions of this social disease are less considered. So considering socio-cultural and environmental resources, this study investigated the substructures of addiction according to the viewpoints ...  Read More

7. Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology of Khat (Catha Edulis Forsk): A Review

Nasir Tajure Wabe

Volume 3, 3-4 , Winter 2011, , Pages 137-149

Abstract
  Catha edulis (khat) is a plant grown commonly in the horn of Africa. The leaves of khat are chewed by the people for its stimulant action. Its young buds and tender leaves are chewed to attain a state of euphoria and stimulation. Khat is an evergreen shrub, which is cultivated as a bush or small tree. ...  Read More

8. Economic Appraisal of Urine Opiates Screening Test: A Study in Kerman, Iran

Kouros Divsalar; Minoo Mahmoodi; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 3, 3-4 , Winter 2011, , Pages 79-84

Abstract
  Background: Cost effectiveness, the ratio of relative costs of a program to its desired outcomes, is one of the basic issues in various screening programs performed to detect opium abuse. This study aimed to find the cost-effectiveness of opiates abuse screening through urine analysis. Methods: A total ...  Read More

9. The Correlation between Methadone Dosage and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Patients on Methadone Maintenance Treatment

Nooshin Parvaresh; Arman Masoudi; Shiva Majidi; Shahrzad Mazhari

Volume 4, 1-2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 1-8

Abstract
  Background: Methadone Maintenance Treatment is a useful method for opioid dependents, which results in harm reduction and increased quality of life in opioid dependents. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in addicts is higher than in the general population which can interfere with the course and ...  Read More

10. Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection among Injection Drug Users Released from Jail

Ali Reza Moradi; Abbas Emdadi; Bahram Soori; Ehsan Mostafavi

Volume 4, 3-4 , Autumn 2012, , Pages 151-155

Abstract
  Background: Injecting drug users (IDUs) and prisoners are considered to be highly vulnerable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Iran. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of HIV infection among IDUs released from jail in Bahar (Hamadan, Iran). Methods: In a cross-sectional ...  Read More

11. Comparison of the Efficacy of Buprenorphine and Clonidine in Detoxification of Opioid-Dependents

Hassan Ziaaddini; Mansooreh Nasirian; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 4, 3-4 , Autumn 2012, , Pages 79-86

Abstract
  Background: Since the number of drug users is increasing, applying a method of detoxification with fewer side effects during withdrawal from opioids and greater reliability seems to be necessary. In addition, without maintenance treatment, there will be limited success of treatment. This study aimed ...  Read More

12. The Effectiveness of Group Therapy on the Family Functioning of Individuals under Methadone Treatment: A Clinical Trial

Hassan Ziaaddini; Batoul Ebrahim Nejad; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 5, 1-2 , Winter 2013, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Background: A significant number of opioid-dependent patients in Iran are now being treated by methadone maintenance therapy (MMT). One of the social complications of substance dependency is family disorganization and a decrease in marital satisfaction. This study aimed to determine the effect of group ...  Read More

13. Fetishism Due to Methamphetamine (Glass) Abuse: A Case Report

Ali Mehdizadeh Zare Anari; Alireza Ghafarinezhad; Hoda Soltani

Volume 5, 1-2 , Winter 2013, , Pages 73-76

Abstract
  Background: Fetishism is a type of paraphilia. The focus of sexual arousal in fetishism is oriented towards inanimate objects. Sexual arousal and craving are some of the reasons the youth resort to crystal (glass). Drug abuse may cause disorders in sexual function. Case Report: The patient was a 41 years ...  Read More

14. Meta-analysis of Smoking Prevalence in Iran

Mahmood Moosazadeh; Hassan Ziaaddini; Ali Mirzazadeh; Ahad Ashrafi-Asgarabad; Ali Akbar Haghdoost

Volume 5, 3-4 , Summer 2013, , Pages 140-153

Abstract
  Background: There are numerous studies and documents regarding the prevalence of smoking in Iran. Thus, to provide suitable information for decision-making and policy-making in this regard, the prevalence of smoking in Iran was evaluated using the meta-analysis of the results of the existing researches. ...  Read More

15. Prevalence of Use of Anabolic Steroids by Bodybuilders Using Three Methods in a City of Iran

Mohammad Reza Nakhaee; Faezeh Pakravan; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 5, 3-4 , Summer 2013, , Pages 77-82

Abstract
  Background: The prevalence of substance use among bodybuilding athletes has been poorly studied in Iran. This study was conducted to examine the prevalence of drug use, especially anabolic steroids, among bodybuilding athletes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the first half of 2013 ...  Read More

16. Potential Effect of Opium Consumption on Controlling Diabetes and Some Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Diabetic Patients

Najmeh Rahimi; Mohamad Hossain Gozashti; Hamid Najafipour; Mostafa Shokoohi; Hamid Marefati

Volume 6, 1-2 , Winter 2014, , Pages 1-6

Abstract
  Background: Due to this belief that opium may have beneficial effects on diabetes or cardiovascular risk factors, the present study aimed to assess the potential and possible effects of opium consumption on diabetes control and some cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients. Methods: This study ...  Read More

17. Enucleation of Eye Using Finger Following Cannabis Consumption

Abdoul Reza Sabahi; Zahra Amini-Ranjbar; Ali Sharifi; Ali Kheradmand

Volume 6, 1-2 , Winter 2014, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  Background: Enucleation is a topic discussed in psychiatry which is a self-injury matter. Enucleation is observed as psychotic disorder due to substance abuse. In people with mental disorders who also have substance use leading to hallucinations and delusions, unusual eye evacuation were reported. In ...  Read More

18. Current research on methamphetamine: Epidemiology, medical and ‎psychiatric effects, treatment, and harm reduction efforts

Seyed Ramin Radfar ‎; Richard A. Rawson ‎

Volume 6, 3-4 , Summer 2014, , Pages 146-154

Abstract
  Background: Methamphetamine (MA) which is known as “shisheh” in Iran is a drug that widely is used in many parts of the world and it is near to a decade that is available for the most drug users and has a considerable prevalence of use. Due to high abuse prevalence and very new challenging phenomenon, ...  Read More

19. Impact of Smoking on Speed and Coordination of Upper Limb Movement

Neeraj Kumar ‎; Madiha Khan ‎ Khan ‎; Namrata Singh ‎; Setpal Singh ‎

Volume 6, 3-4 , Summer 2014, , Pages 155-158

Abstract
  Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of smoking on speed and coordination of upper-limb movement. Methods: A total of 62 healthy, young individuals were randomly selected for participation in this study. Out of total subjects, 31 were smokers with a mean age 20.84 years and ...  Read More

20. Persistent Psychosis after Abuse of High Dose of Zolpidem

Mahin Eslami-Shahrbabaki; Babak Barfeh; Mansoureh Nasirian

Volume 6, 3-4 , Summer 2014, , Pages 159-162

Abstract
  Background: Zolpidem is a non-benzodiazepine medication which selectively affects GABAA receptors and treats insomnia. There are numerous reports of psychosis following the consumption of zolpidem all of which recovered after stopping the medication. Case Report: A 27 year old male law student, who was ...  Read More

22. Analysis of Gap in Service Quality in Drug Addiction Treatment Centers of ‎Kerman, Iran, Using SERVQUAL Model

Mohammad Reza Naqavi; Raheleh Refaiee; Mohammad Reza Baneshi; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 6, 3-4 , Summer 2014, , Pages 85-92

Abstract
  Background: Treatment of drug addicts is one of the main strategies of drug control in Iran. Client satisfaction strongly influences the success of any treatment program. This study aimed to explore the difference between customer expectations and perceptions in drug addiction treatment centers of Kerman, ...  Read More

23. Network Location and Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission among ‎Injecting Drug Users: Results of Multiple Membership Multilevel Modeling of Social ‎Networks

Armita Shahesmaeili ‎; Ali Akbar Haghdoost ‎; Hamid Soori ‎

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, , Pages 1-13

Abstract
  Background: Despite the implementation of harm reduction program, some injecting drug users (IDU) continue to engage in high-risk behaviors. It seems that there are some social factors that contribute to risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in IDUs. The aim of this study was to analysis ...  Read More

24. Investigating the Relationship between Personality Traits and Self-Control and ‎Nicotine Dependence Symptoms in Male Prisoners in Kerman, Iran

Tayebeh Baniassadi ‎; Zeinab Javanmard; Mahmoud Zivari-Rahman; Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam; Masoumeh Adhami

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, , Pages 82-86

Abstract
  Background: Smoking is the most common and cheapest addictive substance and has physical, psychological, and social side effects. Personality traits and low self-control have been identified as key factors for substance and tobacco abuse. This study examined the relationship between personality traits ...  Read More

25. Breastfeeding: Negligence or Extreme Support? A Case Report of Child Abuse by a ‎Negligent Heroin-Dependent Mother

Mahin Eslami-Shahrbabaki; Delaram Barfeh; Parvin ‎ Eslami-Shahrbabaki

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, , Pages 92-95

Abstract
  Background: Breastfeeding is one of the best ways to promote, develop, and secure the health of infants. Child abuse is one of the most common and most important problems in the world, and one of the factors that increase its incidence is substance dependency of the parents. Breastfeeding beyond the ...  Read More