Kerman University of Medical Sciences
1. The Impact of Drug and Alcohol Consumption and Socio-demographic Variables on the Age of First Selling Sex among Iranian Female Sex Workers

Mahboobeh Mousavi-Ramezanzade; Yunes Jahani; Moghaddameh Mirzaee; Hamid Sharifi

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 149-158

Abstract
  Background: A significant proportion of Female Sex Workers (FSWs) as a vulnerable population begin sellingsex at an early age, which may lead the person to develop sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) and humanimmunodeficiency virus (HIV). Thus, this study seeks to identify the factors which influence ...  Read More

2. An Estimation of Drug-Related Deaths in Iran, Using the Capture-Recapture Method (2014-2016)

Masoudeh Babakhanian; Mehran Zarghami; Abbas Alipour; Ardeshir Khosravi; Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari; Mehdi Saberi; Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 87-97

Abstract
  Background: The Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME) and the Legal Medicine Organization(LMO) are the 2 death registration systems in Iran for registering drug-related deaths. The aim of the presentstudy was to assess the number of undercount and the overlap between the deaths registered ...  Read More

3. Estimating the Visibility Rate of Alcohol Consumption: A Case Study in Shiraz, Iran

Mohammad Reza Baneshi; Farzaneh Zolala; Maryam Zamanian; Nooshin Zarei; Mohammad Reza Heydari

Volume 12, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 18-24

Abstract
  Background: Network Scale Up (NSU) is applied in many settings to estimate the size of hidden populations.The visibility of alcohol consumption - as a hidden behavior - in Iran has not been yet set. Our aim is to estimatethe visibility factor (VF) of alcohol consumption in Iran which is an Islamic country ...  Read More

4. Designing and Evaluating the Validity and Reliability of the Persian Gambling Disorder Screening Questionnaire

Masoomeh Maarefvand; Maral Mardaneh-Jobehdar; Maziyar Ghiabi; Hossein Rafimanesh; Ayoub Mohammadi; Zohreh Morshedi; Milad Ajami; Jagdish Khubchandani; Samaneh Hosseinzadeh

Volume 11, Issue 2 , Summer 2019, , Pages 110-119

Abstract
  Background: Gambling disorder (GD) and substance use disorder (SUD) have mutual impact and each couldaggravate the effects of the other. This is the first study on GD among Iranian substance users to develop andvalidate a GD Screening Questionnaire-Persian (GDSQ-P).Methods: Iranian male adults (n = 503) ...  Read More

5. Population Size Estimation of Tramadol Misusers in Urban Population in Iran: Synthesis of Methods and Results

Naser Nasiri; Leili Abedi; Ahmad Hajebi; Alireza Noroozi; Malahat Khalili; Maryam Chegeni; Sairan Nili; Moslem Taheri-Soodejani; Mehdi Noroozi; Armita Shahesmaili; Hamid Sharifi

Volume 11, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 173-182

Abstract
  Background: Estimating the population who use drugs is essential for planning, monitoring, and evaluation of substance use prevention and treatment. This study aims to estimate the population who misuse tramadol in urban population in Iran. Methods: We used the wisdom of the experts (WOTE) and network ...  Read More

6. Age of Onset of Methamphetamine Consumption among the Iranian Youth Aged 19-29: A Cross-sectional Study

Hadiseh Darvishzadeh; moghaddameh mirzaee; Yunes Jahani; Hamid Sharifi

Volume 11, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 138-147

Abstract
  AbstractBackground: Around the world, one of the main concerns and risky behaviors among youths ismethamphetamine consumption. Since the age of onset of methamphetamine use is decreasing, therefore, itis important to identify the effective factors on the age of onset of methamphetamine consumption. In ...  Read More

7. Factor Structure of the Smoking Temptation Scale: Cross-Validation in Iranian men

Abdurrahman Charkazi; Masoud Khorramrroo; Rahman Berdi Ozouni-Davaji; Gholamreza Sharifirad; Alireza Abadi; Bagher Pahlavanzade

Volume 11, Issue 1 , Spring 2019, , Pages 26-34

Abstract
  Background: The transtheoretical model (TTM) is used as a framework to implement smoking cessation programs. This model has some subscales based on which the smoking temptation scale is proposed as stages movement factor. This study aimed to translate and validate the temptation subscales of the TTM ...  Read More

8. Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids and Prohibited Substances Misuse among Iranian Recreational Female Bodybuilders and its Associated Psycho-socio-demographic Factors

Hooman Angoorani; Maryam Jalali; Farzin Halabchi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 216-222

Abstract
  Background: The growing tendency to anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and prohibited substances misuse by female athletes is a new public health concern. Epidemiological studies in this field are necessary to introduce an effective preventive drug control program in gyms. This study directed to evaluate ...  Read More

9. Iranian Female Methadone Patients and the Perceived Educational Needs Related to Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Mehran Zarghami; Maedeh Bagheri; Hamed Bahari; Khatereh Tufani; Alireza Mahjoub; Reza Daneshmand; Zahra Alammehrjerdi; Raheleh Mohammadian; Omid Massah

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 242-249

Abstract
  Background: Iranian female methadone patients are at risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to involvement in high-risk sexual behaviours and/or needle sharing. The present study aimed to explore the perceived educational needs related to HIV among a group of Iranian female methadone patients. Methods:The ...  Read More

10. Analysis of Mortality Rate of Illicit Substance Abuse and its Trend in Five Years in Iran, 2014-2018

Fatemeh Shahbazi; Davood Mirtorabi; Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh; Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 260-268

Abstract
  Background: Addiction and drug misuse is an illness that affects every community in every country. Based on the previous research in many parts of the world, illicit drug use is considered as a well-known risk factor for morbidity, disability, and premature mortality. Although this issue is a hot topic ...  Read More

11. Sex under Influence of Drugs: A Nationwide Survey among Iranian Female Sex Workers

Atiyeh Kamel-Khodabandeh; Moghaddameh Mirzaee; Yunes Jahani; Hamid Sharifi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 205-215

Abstract
  Background: Due to the high level of sexual relationships, prostitute women are faced with many dangers, including acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), sexually transmitted infections (STIs), fertility problems, drug use, etc. In this regard, addict prostitute women are exposed to more risks because ...  Read More

12. Substance Abuse and its Associated Factors among Pregnant Women: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Southeast of Iran

Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei; Fatemeh Behmanesh-Pour; Alireza Salimi-Khorashad; Maryam Zaboli; Zahra Sargazi-Moakhar; Sedigheh Shaare-Mollashahi

Volume 10, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, , Pages 162-172

Abstract
  Background: The data on the prevalence of substance abuse in Iranian pregnant women is scarce in the current literature. This study investigated the prevalence of and the factors associated with substance abuse among pregnant women, and compared self-reported use with urine test results. Methods: This ...  Read More

13. An Overview of the Research Reports on Addiction in Iranian Journals from 2010 to 2015

Mehran Zarghami; Fatemeh Taghizadeh; Masoadeh Babakhanian; Maedeh Vaghefinejad

Volume 10, Issue 2 , Spring 2018, , Pages 67-75

Abstract
  Background: The articles and research reports presented in the scientific journals are selected without a proper critical appraisal in many cases. This is a major problem, as it leads to the opinions of the experts being neglected in many of these scientific journals. A descriptive study was done in ...  Read More

14. Psychometric Properties of the Iranian Brief Version of the Transtheoretical Model Instrument in Terms of Hookah Tobacco Smoking Cessation

Tahereh Dehdari; Nasim Mirzaei; Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi; Ashkan Khosropour; Najaf Zare

Volume 10, Issue 2 , Spring 2018, , Pages 102-111

Abstract
  Background: Transtheoretical model (TTM) has been recognized as a common theoretical model in researches in terms of addictive behaviors. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian brief version of the TTM for hookah tobacco smoking cessation in a sample of Iranian ...  Read More

15. Results of Activity of Anonymous Alcoholic Association in Iran

Fahimeh Mohseni; Raheleh Rafaiee

Volume 10, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 11-16

Abstract
  Background: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the largest non-governmental organization (NGO) for alcoholics in the world. During the recent decades, Iran has suffered from alcohol abuse and its consequences. Alcoholism is a taboo subject in Iran and there are few studies in this area. This is the first study ...  Read More

16. Transition from First Drug Use to Regular Injection among People Who Inject Drugs in Iran

Masoomeh Koozegar; Armita Shahesmaeili; Mehdi Noroozi

Volume 10, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 32-40

Abstract
  Background: The study aimed to evaluate the interval between first drug use and regular injection and factors associated with transition from first injection into premature regular injection among people who inject drugs (PWIDs).Methods: In a multicenter cross-sectional study, we recruited 400 PWIDs ...  Read More

17. Barriers to Hepatitis C Treatment among Women in Methadone Treatment: A Study from Iran, the Most Populous Persian Gulf Country

Omid Massah; Mohammad Effatpanah; Afsaneh Moradi; Mohammad Salehi; Ali Farhoudian; Zahra Karami

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 229-236

Abstract
  Background: Untreated Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) has been reported among many Iranian female methadone patients. However, few of them report receiving HCV treatment. The present study is the first research from western Asia that explored the barriers to receiving HCV treatment among a group of Iranian female ...  Read More

18. Pattern of Alcohol Consumption among Men Consumers in Kerman, Iran, in 2014

Saeed Samadi; Mohammad Reza Baneshi; Ali Akbar Haghdoost

Volume 9, Issue 3 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 139-145

Abstract
  Background: Alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor with acute and chronic health consequences and social impacts, which is more prominent among men. There is no precise statistics on the scope of alcohol consumption in Iran; however, there is some evidences showing an increasing trend, particularly ...  Read More

19. Review on the Implementation of the Islamic Republic of Iran about Tobacco Control, Based on MPOWER, in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control by the World Health Organization

Mahmood Alimohammadi; Hossein Jafari-Mansoorian; Seyed Yaser Hashemi; Victoria Momenabadi; Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi; Kamaladdin Karimyan

Volume 9, Issue 3 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 183-189

Abstract
  Background: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death in the world, killing nearly 6 million people annually. This article is an investigation of measures implemented laws in the Iran to study the proposed strategy of control and reduce tobacco use based on the monitor, protect, offer, warn, ...  Read More

20. Prevalence of Substance Abuse among Students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Rosanna Mozafarinia; Mehrdad Assarian; Ahmad Ziaaddini

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer 2017, , Pages 103-109

Abstract
  Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of substance abuse among students of selected schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among students in five schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Data collection ...  Read More

21. Risk Factors of Mortality Due to Acute Opium Poisoning: A Report from the Largest Intoxication Referral Center in Iran

Sahar Rismantab-Sani; Babak Soltani; Siamak Soltani; Azadeh Memarian

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer 2017, , Pages 96-102

Abstract
  Background: Studies have shown that Iran has a high rate of opiate abuse and the most prevalently used is opium. This study was aimed to evaluate risk factors in patients with acute opium intoxication who referred to Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, in 2011.Methods: A total number of 383 patients ...  Read More

22. A Case-Control Study of Comparison of Plasma Levels of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Inhaled Opium Addicts and Clinically Healthy Persons

Maryam Amizadeh; Shahryar Dabiri; Armin Javedan; Ali Eftekharian; Aliasghar Arabi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Spring 2017, , Pages 11-16

Abstract
  cancer invasion and lymphatic metastasis. Smoking has been reported to increase the metalloproteinase level, but the role of opium consumption in metalloproteinase level has not yet been examined. The current research intended to examine the impacts of opium consumption on the serum levels of metalloproteinase.Methods: ...  Read More

23. Typology of Street Substance Users' Communities in Tehran, Iran

Masoomeh Maarefvand; Mohammad Sadegh Shirazi; Raha Peyravi; Ali Farhoudian

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Spring 2017, , Pages 32-39

Abstract
  Background: There are different street substance users' communities (SSUCs). Typology of SSUCs in Tehran, Iran was approached in this qualitative study.Methods: Using content analysis and saturation principles, 22 street-outreach workers were recruited and interviewed. Data were analyzed using open, ...  Read More

24. HIV Programs in Iran (Persia), Iraq and Saudi Arabia: A Brief Review of Current Evidence in West and Southwest Asia

Omid Massah; Afsaneh Moradi; Ali Farhoudian; Mahmood Amini-Lari; Hassan Joulaei; Reza Daneshmand

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 136-144

Abstract
  Background: In Western and Southwest Asia, literature is not documented on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programs in Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The present study is the first brief review that describes HIV programs in these three neighboring countries.Methods: Data regarding the evidence of HIV ...  Read More

25. Prevalence of HIV/AIDS among Iranian Prisoners: A Review Article

Morteza Akbari; Maryam Akbari; Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami; Hassan Joulaei; Maryam Nasiriyan; Maryam Hesampour; Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani

Volume 8, Issue 3 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 195-206

Abstract
  Background: Worldwide, prisoners are more at risk of being infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as hepatitis C and B in comparison with other risk groups. The combination of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), addiction and prison are factors that threaten the health of our ...  Read More