Kerman University of Medical Sciences
1. Development of a Hookah Smoking Obscenity Measurement Scale for Adolescents

Khadijeh Keshavarzian; Haidar Nadrian; Hamid Allahverdipour; Asghar Mohammadpoorasl

Volume 12, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 77-86

  Background: The worldwide trend of hookah use among adolescents is increasing, and literature shows arelationship between obscenity and adolescents’ tendency toward hookah smoking. As there is a lack ofappropriate instruments to measure the obscenity of hookah smoking, in the present study, we ...  Read More