Kerman University of Medical Sciences
1. Effects of Methamphetamine on Testes Histopathology and Spermatogenesis Indices of Adult Male Rats

Arezoo Saberi; Gholamreza Sepehri; Zohreh Safi; Behzad Razavi; Faranak Jahandari; Kouros Divsalar; Ehsan Salarkia

Volume 9, Issue 4 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 199-205

Abstract
  Background: Methamphetamine (mAMP) as a recreational drug has devastating effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Several studies have shown that mAMP has inhibitory effects on oogenesis and spermatogenesis, and causes impaired fertility. This study designed to investigate the effect of mAM Padministration ...  Read More

2. Investigating Changes in Serum Biochemical Parameters in Opium Addicts Before and During Addiction Treatment

Sedigheh Barzehkar; Mohammad Hossein Gozashti; Kouros Divsalar; Mahdieh Mashrouteh; Amir Hossein Darvishi-Lardi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 211-217

Abstract
  Background: Iran is one of the major consumers of opium and opiate substances in the world. Addiction has become a very important issue in the 21st century and an urgent one in Iran. The consumption of this substance leaves a variety of impacts on the human body. The goal of this study is to investigate ...  Read More

3. Fasting Blood Glucose and Insulin Level in Opium Addict versus Non-Addict Individuals

Mohammad Hossein Gozashti; Farzaneh Yazdi; Pouria Salajegheh; Mohammad Moein Dehesh; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 7, 1-2 , Winter 2015, , Pages 54-59

Abstract
  Background: Many of lay person believe that opium lowers blood glucose. However some studies show the opposite results. In this study, we tried to evaluate the effect of opium on blood glucose and insulin resistance. Methods: This comparative study including 53 addicts in case groups who used opium just ...  Read More

4. The Effect of Concomitant Ethanol and Opium Consumption on Lipid Profiles and Atherosclerosis in Golden Syrian Hamster’s Aorta

Jahanbanoo Shahryari; Moein Poormorteza; Arash Noori-Sorkhani; Kouros Divsalar; Ebrahim Abbasi-Oshaghi

Volume 5, 3-4 , Summer 2013, , Pages 83-89

Abstract
  Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of mortality in the world and is normally argued as the third cause of all mortalities. Opium and alcohol every day consumption can cause people to have many health problems. The present study aimed to assess the effect of ethanol and opium consumption ...  Read More

5. Comparison of Duration of Spinal Anesthesia with Lidocaine or Lidocaine Plus Epinephrine between Addicts and Non-addicts

Afshin Mansourian; Mohammad Askarzadeh; Mohammad Shabani; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 4, 3-4 , Autumn 2012, , Pages 95-101

Abstract
  Background: Duration of spinal anesthesia depends on the type of anesthetic agent, dosage and additive materials such as epinephrine, ephedrine and opioid. We compared the duration of spinal anesthesia with lidocaine 5% with or without epinephrine in addict and non-addict patients undergoing inferior ...  Read More

6. Destructive Effects of Prenatal WIN 55212-2 Exposure on Central Nervous System of Neonatal Rats

Mohammad Shabani; Kouros Divsalar; Mahyar Janahmadi

Volume 4, 1-2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 9-19

Abstract
  Background: Cannabinoid, particularly hashish and WIN 55212-2 (WIN), consumption during embryonic period may affect fetal growth, and the development of motor functioning, memory and cognitive functions. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of WIN 55212-2 during embryonic period ...  Read More

7. Studying Prevalence and Pattern of Taking Narcotic and Ecstasy Drugs by Patients Admitted to Special Care Centers of Shahid Bahonar Hospital, Kerman, Iran

Mehdi Ahmadi Nejad; Fatemeh Jadidi; Mahmoud Reza Dehghani; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 4, 1-2 , Summer 2012, , Pages 57-64

Abstract
  Background: Addiction is the repeated use of a chemical substance which affects the biological function of the brain and endangers physical health of the addicted person. Prevalence and pattern of taking drugs were assessed in the current study in a Special Cares Trauma Center. So the specialized physician ...  Read More

8. Economic Appraisal of Urine Opiates Screening Test: A Study in Kerman, Iran

Kouros Divsalar; Minoo Mahmoodi; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 3, 3-4 , Winter 2011, , Pages 79-84

Abstract
  Background: Cost effectiveness, the ratio of relative costs of a program to its desired outcomes, is one of the basic issues in various screening programs performed to detect opium abuse. This study aimed to find the cost-effectiveness of opiates abuse screening through urine analysis. Methods: A total ...  Read More

9. The Study of Substructures of Addiction Phenomena in High School Students Using Problem Finding Workshops

Manzumeh Shamsi Meymandi; Hossein Safizadeh; Kouros Divsalar; Ramin Rastegariyanzadeh; Gioia Heravi; Majid Mahmoodi; Ali Kheradmand

Volume 3, 1-2 , Winter 2011

Abstract
  Background: Addiction is one of the complicated problems in Iranian young population. The social and cultural dimensions of this social disease are less considered. So considering socio-cultural and environmental resources, this study investigated the substructures of addiction according to the viewpoints ...  Read More

10. Attitude of University Students towards Waterpipe Smoking: A Study in Iran

Abdol-Reza Sabahy; Kouros Divsalar; Nouzar Nakhaee

Volume 3, 1-2 , Winter 2011

Abstract
  Background: Tobacco is consumed in various forms, and there has been an increasing trend worldwide in the use of waterpipe. This study aimed to assess the university students’ attitudes towards waterpipe.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study; 1130 students randomly were selected from universities ...  Read More

11. Substance Misuse Patterns and Blood Types of Self-Introduced Addicts to Substance Rehabilitation Centers of Bam City

Mohammadreza Aflatoonian; Hassan Ziaaddini; Ali Kheradmand; Manzumeh Shamsi Meimandi; Kouros Divsalar; Majid Mahmoodi

Volume 2, 3-4 , Spring 2010

Abstract
  Background: With regard to the perceptible population, cultural, social and environmental changes in the aftermath of the earthquake in Bam City, this study was conducted to pinpoint substance misuse patterns and to figure out the probable relationship between substance misuse and blood types of the ...  Read More

12. Religious Attitude Associated with General Health and Smoking in Iranian Students

Kouros Divsalar; Samira Nejadnaderi; Nowzar Nakhaee; Saed Rouhani

Volume 2, 1-2 , Winter 2010

Abstract
  Abstract Background: Given the university students’ model role in the society and the importance of period of university education in selecting behavioral methods and lifestyles in the future have made it necessary to study the smoking pattern and its associated factors and complications ...  Read More

13. A Review on Hematological Factors in Opioid-Dependent People (Opium and Heroin) after the Withdrawal Period

Tahereh Haghpanah; Mohammadreza Afarinesh; Kouros Divsalar

Volume 2, 1-2 , Winter 2010

Abstract
  Abstract Background: Long-term use of opioids has acute effects on homeostasis of the body. Discovering the impacts of opioids on hematological parameters of narcotics withdrawal and dependents blood may be helpful in recognizing the homeostasis condition of their body for the useful treatment. ...  Read More